post 1800

pre 1800





History of Fieldwork at Thornhill

Several Crews have worked at the site. The continuity of the project has been assured by Professor David Browman, Dept. of Anthropology at Washington University in St. Louis.

1972 - Professor David Browman conducts a survey and initial study of Thornhill.

1979 - Professor David Browman directs an Archaeological Field Methods class around the plantation mansion of Governor Bates. A major focus of his research was the definition of the original porch for the plantation house.

Washington University crew excavating at the front of the plantation house during April 1979.

Test Trench along the foundation of the plantation house during April 1979.

Washington University student sifting soil from the test trench along the foundation of the plantation house during April 1979.

1979 - Professor Roderick McIntosh (visiting professor at Washington University) conducted a summer field school for approixmately 70 junior high and high school students. The major focus of his research was the stratigraphic sequence of the Bates mansion and outbuildings. Professor McIntosh was assisted by two Washington University graduate students (Pamela C. Ashmore and Adria LaViolette) and a Washington University undergraduate student (Charles McNutt, Jr.).

Charles McNutt, Jr. (left) and Harold Gravatt (right) examine excavation records while two student trowel in search for the original front porch footings. 1979 season.

1981 - Professor David Browman and two graduate students (Neathery Batsell and Michael Fuller) conducted a spring semester field school for Washington University students. The major focus of their research was a soil testing survey to determine prehistoric activity areas on the ridge north of the Bates plantation house. Several small test pits were excavated to followup on soil samples with elevated levels of orthophosphate and soil samples with visible charcoal debris.

Neathery Batsell (red jacket) and Michael Fuller (far right) instruct Washington University students in the methodology of soil testing to identify prehistoric features buried below the plowzone.

Michael Fuller evaluates a phosphate test on a soil sample from Thornhill during Spring 1981.

1981 - Neathery Batsell directed a 10 week archaeological excavation of two features discovered during the spring of 1981. Her field crew included two Washington University undegraduate students (John Dalzell and Sue Schofield) and 10 junior high and high school students. Neathery directly supervised the excavation of the Mississippian house feature while Dalzell and Schofield supervised the excavation of a large Late Woodland Period storagepit/trashpit situated between the Mississippian House and the Bates plantation home.

Neathery Batsell examines thousand of corn kernals drying after using the flotation recovery technique.

Neathery Batsell (left), John Dalzell (Center) and Sue Schofield (right) at the end of a successful summer excavation during 1981.

2001 - Michael Fuller and Neathery Batsell Fuller digitize original slides and rephotograph artifacts from the 1981 field season to help Mark Leach in his research into the archaeology of Chesterfield, MO.

2003 - Michael Fuller digitizes more original slides from the 1979 and the 1981 field seasons.

This website is based upon Thornhill: An Emergent Mississippian Farmstead in St. Louis County by Neathery Batsell (Fuller) submitted as her Masters Thesis to the Department of Anthropology, Washington University, during 1985. The text was adapted for the web by Professor Michael Fuller (SLCC). The website architecture was designed by Adjunct Professor Neathery B. Fuller (SLCC).

Site Constructed 19 October 2001

Modified 14 July 2003

Neathery and Michael Fuller,

Archaeologists and Web Designers