Adding an item to the gradebook

Navigate to the gradebook.

Inside the Spreadsheet view one has several buttons at the top of the screen. Choose "add item."  
this allows you to place a new column for extraneous assignments such as essays or projects that do not automatically appear. When Blackboard generates a quiz, a column is automatically created.  
Select a heading and points possible for the item to be graded. You will then see an appropriate column generated in the spreadsheet view. Click on the hash mark next to the student's name in order to enter the grade.