Creating Web Pages with Netscape Composer 4.7


Starting From a New Page
To start a new web page, use one of the methods described below. Once you've started a page, you can add and
edit text just as you would in a word processor.

To start from a blank page:
Open the File menu and choose New; then choose Blank Page (Blank on Mac OS). A Composer window
containing a blank page opens.

To start from a template:

1.Open the File menu and choose New; then choose Page From Template.
2.In the New Page from Template dialog box, select a template by doing one of the following:
Type the path and name of a template file that's on your computer or on a network that your computer is
connected to.
Click Choose File; then use the dialog box to find the template file you want.
Click Netscape Templates to go to a Netscape web site that helps you choose a template.
3.Open the File menu and choose Edit Page to use the template as the basis for a new document.

To start from Netscape's Page wizard:
1.From the File menu, choose New and then choose Page From Wizard.
2.When the wizard opens, follow the instructions to create a page that you can open in Composer.
Important: To access the Netscape Template web site and Netscape Page Wizard, you must be connected to the

To start from the page (or frame) you're currently browsing:
Choose Edit Page or Edit Frame from the File menu. The current Navigator window becomes a Composer
window containing the document you were viewing (in Navigator).
To start from an page already created in Composer:
1.Choose Page Composer from the Communicator menu.
2.Open the File menu and choose Open Page (Open Composer on Mac OS).
Type the path and name of the file you want to use, or click Choose File to search for the file.
3.Click Composer.
4.Click Open. A Composer window opens containing the specified file.

Saving and Browsing Your New Page
To save a page:
Open the File menu and choose Save.
Note: To save links and images with a page use the Publishing Preferences dialog box.
To view your page in a Navigator (browser) window:
Open the File menu and choose Browse Page. The Composer window remains open behind the new
Navigator window.

Formatting Your Web Page

Formatting a Paragraph
1.Highlight the paragraphs you want to format.

2.Open the Format menu and choose Character Properties; then click the Paragraph tab. All the options are
explained below.

Paragraph style drop-down menu
Heading 1-6: Choose "1" for your main heading, "2" for the next level, and so forth.
Address: This format is used for a web page "signature" that indicates the author of the page and the person to
contact for more information, as in this example:
You might want to include the date and copyright notice. This format usually appears at the bottom of the web
page under a horizontal line.
Formatted: This is useful for elements such as code examples, tables, and mail messages that you want
displayed in a fixed-width font, as in this example:
Most browsers remove extra spaces, tabs, and paragraph returns in your text. However, text that uses the
Formatted style is displayed with the white space intact.
List Item: Choose this option and "List" under Additional Style to create a list.
Desc. (Description) Title and Text: Use the Description Title and Text formats for glossaries and similar lists, as
in this example:
A program that helps you to view the contents of a file, folder, or web page.
Additional Style
Click to display additional attributes for the paragraph style you've selected.
Block Quote: Choose this option to indent text.
List: Choose this option and "List Item" under Paragraph Style to create a list.
List box
If you select List under Additional Style, choose the type of list you want.
Unnumbered: Items are preceded by a bullet or other symbol.
Numbered: Items are preceded by numbers or letters.
Directory: Short items appear horizontally in columns, as in a DOS directory listing.
Menu: Short items appear without bullets or numbers.
Description: Sometimes called a Definition or Glossary list. Items are indented.
Note: Navigator does not display Directory and Menu styles (it displays these styles as normal text), but other
browsers may display them.
Number Style/Bullet Style
(For bulleted and numbered lists) Select numbering style or specify the type of bullet.
Starting number
(For numbered lists) Type the beginning number for the list.
Specify whether to align the selected paragraph at the left, right, or center of the page.

Changing Text Color, Style, and Font
1.Highlight the text you want to format.
2.Open the Format menu and choose Character Properties; then click the Character tab. All the options are
explained below.

Font Face
Click to select the font you want. To have your page use fonts specified by a reader, select Variable Width or Fixed
Font Size
Click to select the size of the specified font.
In the list of font sizes, you'll see a menu of point sizes (8, 9, 10, 12, 14 and so forth), the relative HTML font scale
(-2 to +4), or both. You can specify which type of menu you want in the General panel of the Composer
Preferences dialog box (Windows only).
Click Use Color, then click the color button to choose the color of the selected characters. The color button is the
rectangle to the right of the Use Color button. If the current text color is black, then the color button is black.
Click Don't Change if the selected text contains more than one color.
Note: You can specify default text color in the Colors and Background panel of the Page Colors and Properties
(Page Properties on Mac OS) dialog box.
Other Colors
Click the color button in the Color section to display a colors dialog box. Then click Other. You'll see a dialog box
where you can choose a custom color.
Select a style, such as italic, bold, underline, or nonbreaking, for the selected characters.
Remove Style Settings
Resets any style checkboxes you have selected to unselected or blank.
Remove All Settings
Resets all settings you have made in this dialog box to unselected or blank.
To preview your settings, click Apply. Then click Close to accept the changes. To accept the changes without
previewing, click OK.

Inserting Horizontal Lines
1.Click the location in the Composer window where you want the line to appear.
2.Open the Insert menu and choose Horizontal Line.
3.To specify the line's height, width, alignment, and shading, double-click on the line.


Adding Tables to Your Web Page

Inserting a Table
1.Place the insertion point where you want the table to appear in your document.
2.Choose Table from the Insert menu.
3.Use the New Table Properties dialog box to set up your table.
4.Click OK.

Adding and Deleting Rows, Columns, and Cells
To add to your table:
1.Click where you want to add space.
2.Open the Insert menu and choose Table; then choose Row, Column, or Cell.
To delete:
1.Click in a row, column, or cell.
2.Open the Edit menu and choose Delete Table; then choose Row, Column, or Cell.

Changing a Table
You can change a table's caption or border, or the width, height, alignment, color, or background of a table or
parts of a table.
1.To change an entire table, click anywhere inside it; to change a specific row or cell click inside the row or cell.
2.Open the Format menu and choose Table Properties (Table Info in Mac OS).
3.Click the Table, Row, or Cell tab.
4.Use the Table Properties dialog box to make your changes.
5.Click OK.
The settings you choose in the Table Properties dialog box always override the settings you chose when you first
created the table.

Moving, Copying, and Deleting Tables
1.Click in the table, then open the Edit menu and choose Select Table.
2.To copy or move: Use the Edit menu's cut, copy, and paste options.
3.To delete: Choose Delete Table from the Edit menu.

Adding Pictures (Images) to Your Web Page

Inserting an Image
You can insert GIF and JPEG images into your web page.
1.Click where you want the image to appear in your document.
2.Open the Insert menu and choose Image.
3.Specify the image file and adjust settings in the Images Properties dialog box. The dialog box's options are
explained below.

To quickly insert an image, cut and paste it from the clipboard, or drag and drop it on your page.
Note: When you insert an image by pasting from the clipboard or by dragging and dropping, you either put a
copy of the image file in the same directory (folder) as the web page, or leave the image file where it is on
your hard disk or network. The settings you specify in Composer Preferences determine which method you
To quickly resize an image, select it and drag the handles that appear at each corner.
In Mac OS, you must have QuickTime installed to copy a PICT file from the Mac OS clipboard. Composer
prompts you to name the image file before you paste it and converts it to JPEG format.


Setting Page Colors and Backgrounds

The Colors and Background part of the Page Properties dialog box lets you set a background color or image for
your page, and choose colors for links.
To set colors and backgrounds, open the Format menu and choose Page Colors and Properties. In the
Page Properties dialog box, click the Colors and Background tab. The options are explained below.

Use viewer's browser colors
The viewer's color preferences (specified in the General preferences panel) will be used.
Use custom colors
Lets you specify color for text, links, and background. Click the button to display the color palette and select the
color you want.
Color Schemes
Lets you select a scheme from the list.
Use image
Click to use an image as the page background. Type the name of an image file. If you're not sure of the filename
or file location, click Choose File to find the image file on your hard disk or network.
Background images are tiled and override background color.
Leave image at the original location
Normally Composer makes a copy of the image and places it in the same directory (folder) as your page. If you
don't want a copy made, click this option.
Save these settings for new pages
Click this option if you want your settings to apply to any new web pages you create.
To preview your settings, click Apply. To accept the changes, click OK.


Linking and Publishing Your Page

Linking Within the Same Page
To link within the same page, create a target, then create a link that points to the target.
1.Put the cursor at the beginning of a line where you want to create a target, or select some text at the
beginning of a line.
2.Open the Insert menu and choose Target.
3.Type a name for the target in the edit box (up to 30 characters). If you selected some text in step 1, this box
already contains a name.
4.Click OK. A Target icon (visible only in the Composer window) appears in your document to mark the target's
Note: Targets are also called anchors.
5.Put the cursor on the text or image that you want to link to the target.
6.Open the Insert menu and choose Link.
7.Open the File menu and choose Browse Page; then click the link you just created.

Linking to Other Pages
You can link to local pages on your own computer or on your workplace's network, or to remote pages
somewhere on the Internet.
You can quickly create a link by dragging and dropping from other windows (Mac OS and Windows only). For
example, you can highlight a link from a web page, bookmark, or mail and news window and drag and drop it on
your page.

Linking to Images
You can make images behave as links in your pages. When the user clicks a linked image, the browser window
displays the page that the image is linked to.
1.Click to highlight an image on your page.
2.Open the Insert menu and choose Link.
3.Use the Link Properties dialog box to set up the link.
Tip: Dragging a linked image from the Navigator window into a Composer window copies both the image and the

Putting Your Page on the Web
Use the Publish Files dialog box to publish your pages on the Web. To view this dialog box, open the File menu
and choose Publish.

Page Title
If you have already created a page, this field is filled in. If not, enter the text that appears in the window title when
the page is viewed through a browser. To be sure readers can locate your page easily, enter a useful title that
conveys what your page is all about.

HTML Filename
If you have already created and saved a page, this field is filled in. If not, enter a filename for the current page you
want to publish. The filename must have an .htm or .html extension.





















HTTP or FTP Location to publish to
Enter the location of the remote site where you want to publish your web page. You may need to contact your
Internet service provider to find out what to type here.
For example, if your service provider is America Online, the URL in this box might look something like this: Or, if a web server protocol is used, you might see something like this:
Composer keeps track of locations you type here, so in the future you can select from a list of your remote
locations. Click Use Default Location to use the location you've specified in the Publish panel of the Composer
Preferences dialog box.


From the Netscape document
Copyright © 1994-1998 Netscape Communications Corporation.