Parts of a Citation

As you do your research, keep a list of your sources--books, periodicals, database articles and the Web. Below are examples of the MLA (8th Ed.) format for citations. If you need to use the APA format, please consult your instructor or a reference librarian.

For a book:


Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle if Any. Edition if given and is not first edition, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of Publication.

Covey, Stephen R. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Restoring the Character Ethic. Simon, 1989.

For an article in a popular magazine:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle if Any." Title of the Magazine, Date of Publication, pp. Page numbers.

Krauthhammer, Charles. "Why Lines Must Be Drawn." Time, 23 Aug. 2004, p. 78.

For a full text article from a scholarly journal in Academic Search Elite:

Author's Last Name, First Name, and Second Author's First Name Last Name. "Title of the Article: Subtitle if Any." Title of the Periodical, vol. Volume Number, no. Issue Number, Date of publication, pp. First Page Number-Last Page Number. Name of Database.

Walsh, John P., and Wei Hong. “Secrecy Is Increasing in Step with Competition.” Nature, vol. 422, no. 6934, 2003, pp. 801-802. Academic Search Elite.

For sources on the Web:

Author's Last Name, First Name if applicable. Title of Website. Name of Organization Affiliated with the Website. Date of copyright or date last modified/updated, URL. Accessed access date.

Legislation Related to the Attack of September 11, 2001. Library of Congress. 2 Dec. 2002. Accessed 11 Apr. 2017.

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