Answer Keys for Chapter 13 

 

Exercise 13-1

 

l. 206

 

2. axial

 

3. appendicular

 

4. organic, inorganic

 

5. articulation

 

6. ligaments

 

7. cartilage

 

8. ossification

 

9. processes, cavities

 

l0. epiphysis

 

ll. long bones

 

l2. periosteum

 

l3. short bones

 

l4. processes

 

l5. flat bones

 

l6. diaphysis

 

l7. cavities

 

l8. irregular bones

 

Exercise l3-2

 

l. myelopathy

 

2. chondritis

 

3. osseofibrous

 

4. osseous

 

5. condylectomy

 

6. periostitis

 

7. medullitis

 

8. condyle

 

9. ossified

 

l0. epiphysis

 

ll. diaphysis

 

l2. osteochondritis

 

l3. myelogenous

 

l4. periosteum

 

Exercise l3-3

 

l. articulation

 

2. synarthroses, amphiarthroses, diarthroses

 

3. synarthroses

 

4. amphiarthroses

 

5. diarthroses

 

6. amphiarthroses

 

7. diarthrotic

 

8. synarthrotic

 

9. ligaments

 

l0. capsulitis

 

ll. synovitis

 

l2. bursectomy

 

l3. synovia

 

l4. syndesmotomy

 

l5. capsule

 

l6. bursitis

 

l7. desmorrhexis

 

l8. desmitis

 

l9. arthroscope

 

20. syndesmorrhaphy

 

2l. bursa

 

22. capsulectomy

 

23. capsulotomy

 

24. arthroplasty

 

Exercise l3-4

 

l. axial

 

2. cranial, facial

 

3. flat

 

4. sutures

 

5. diarthrosis

 

6. 8, frontal, occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, parietal, temporal

 

7. l4, mandible, vomer, maxillae, palatine, zygomatic, lacrimal, nasal, conchae

 

8. sinuses

 

9. maxilla

 

l0. mandible

 

ll. zygomatic

 

l2. frontal

 

l3. meatus

 

l4. styloid, zygomatic, mastoid

 

Exercise l3-5

 

l. frontal

 

2. ethmoid

 

3. maxilla

 

4. parietal

 

5. nasal

 

6. mandible

 

7. vomer

 

8. occipital

 

9. palatine

 

l0. temporal

 

ll. sphenoid

 

l2. hyoid

 

l3. pterygoid, sphenoid

 

l4. squamous, temporal

 

l5. petrous, temporal

 

l6. styloid, temporal

 

l7. mastoid, temporal

 

l8. ethmonasal

 

l9. zygoma

 

20. craniotomy

 

2l. supramandibular

 

22. epimandibular

 

23. hyoglossal

 

24. alveolodental

 

25. craniospinal

 

26. mentum

 

27. mastoidal

 

28. mandible

 

29. maxilla

 

30. stylomaxillary

 

3l. mentoplasty

 

 

 

 

Exercise l3-6

 

l. vertebral column, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

 

2. vertebrae

 

3. disks

 

4. foramen

 

5. 7, l2, 5

 

6. sacrum, coccyx

 

7. cervical, cervical, lumbar, thoracic, cervical, coccygeal, sacral, coccygeal, thoracic, lumbar, cervical, thoracic

 

8. cervix, cervicospinal

 

9. coccyx, coccygodynia

 

l0. intervertebral disk, discogenic

 

ll. lamina, laminectomy

 

l2. lumbar, lumbosacral

 

l3. spine, rachialgia

 

l4. sacrum, sacroiliac

 

l5. vertebra, spondylitis

 

l6. thorax, thoracicohumeral

 

l7. transverse process of vertebra, transversectomy

 

l8. vertebra, vertebrochondral

 

Exercise l3-7

 

l. thoracic, thorax

 

2. thorax, sternum, ribs

 

3. sternum, manubrium, body, xiphoid

 

4. l2, true, false

 

5. intercostal

 

6. front, back

 

7. cartilages, xiphoid

 

8. floating

 

9. muscles

 

Exercise l3-8

 

l. appendicular

 

2. axial

 

3. appendicular

 

4. clavicle, scapula

 

5, omo, om, omalgia

 

6. cleido, cleidagra

 

7. clavico, clavic, clavicotomy

 

8. scapulo, scapulectomy

 

9. acromio, acromiothoracic

 

l0. coraco, coracoacromial

 

Exercise l3-9

 

l. wrist

 

2. pelvis

 

3. upper arm

 

4. pelvis

 

5. pelvis

 

6. hand

 

7. forearm

 

8. fingers

 

9. pelvis

 

l0. forearm

 

ll. pelvis

 

l2. shoulder joint

 

l3. radius

 

l4. ilium

 

l5. radius

 

l6. scapula

 

l7. metacarpals

 

l8. ischium

 

l9. humerus

 

20. coccyx

 

2l. ulna

 

22. carpals

 

23. phalanges

 

24. sacrum

 

25. coccyx

 

26. ilium

 

27. pubis

 

28. ilium

 

29. phalanges

 

30. scapula

 

3l. scapula

 

32. pubis

 

33. ulna

 

34. phalanges

 

35. metacarpals

 

36. scapula

 

37. sacrum

 

38. ilium

 

39. carpals

 

40. coccyx

 

4l. humerus

 

42. ischium

 

43. metacarpals

 

44. ischium

 

Exercise l3-l0

 

l. thigh, femur, acetabulum

 

2. tibia, fibula

 

3. patella, tendons

 

4. ankle, calcaneus, talus

 

5. metatarsals

 

6. phalanges

 

7. patell(o), patellapexy

 

8. metatars(o), metatarsalgia

 

9. tibi(o), tibiotarsal

 

l0. astragal(o), astragalectomy

 

ll. femor(o), femorocele

 

l2. tars(o), astragalotibial

 

l3. calcane(o), calcaneal

 

l4. fibul(o), fibularis

 

l5. phalang(o), phalangeal

 

l6. tal(o), talocrural

 

Exercise l3-ll

 

l. luxation

 

2, subluxation

 

3, bursitis

 

4. scoliosis

 

5. compression

 

6. greenstick

 

7. simple

 

8. comminuted

 

9. compound

 

l0. osteoporosis

 

ll. lordosis

 

l2. kyphosis

 

l3. synovitis

 

l4. osteoarthritis

 

Answer Keys for Chapter l4

 

Exercise l4-l

 

l. fibers, striations

 

2. joint, tendons, aponeuroses

 

3. multinucleate

 

4. myofilaments, actin, myosin

 

5. endomysium, perimysium, fascicle

 

6. fascia

 

7. contract, isotonic, isometric

 

8. tone

 

Exercise l4-2

 

l. extension

 

2. rotation

 

3. dorsiflexion

 

4. hyperextension

 

5. adduction

 

6. flexion

 

7. circumduction

 

8. abduction

 

9. number

 

l0. size

 

ll. direction

 

l2. location

 

l3. shape

 

l4. action

 

l5. size

 

l6. shape

 

l7. action

 

l8. number

 

l9. direction

 

20. location

 

Exercise l4-3

 

l. nasalis

 

2. orbicularis oris

 

3. buccinator

 

4. levator labii superioris

 

5. orbicularis oculi

 

6. masseter

 

7. frontalis

 

8. depressor anguli oris

 

9. greater zygomaticus

 

l0. temporalis

 

ll. pterygoideus lateralis

 

l2. occipitalis

 

 

 

Exercise l4-3

 

l. arm

 

2. ribs

 

3. nose

 

4. mouth

 

5. jaw

 

6. mouth

 

7. arm

 

8. scalp

 

9. jaw

 

l0. shoulder

 

ll. mouth

 

l2. eyes

 

l3. sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus, tibialis anterior, peroneus

 

l4. adductor, gluteus maximus, gluteus medius

 

l5. biceps brachii, flexor carpi, extensor carpi, flexor digitorum, extensor digitorum

 

Exercise l4-4

 

l. iliopsoas

 

2. tendinoplasty

 

3. skeletal muscle

 

4. tonicity

 

5. tetanus

 

6. pectoralis

 

7. musculotropic

 

8. tendon

 

9. isotonic

 

l0. flexors

 

ll. myofilaments

 

l2. levators

 

l3. isometric

 

l4. striated

 

l5. sarcolemma

 

l6. extensor carpi

 

l7. aponeurosis

 

l8. gluteus maximus

 

l9. masseter

 

20. actin

 

2l. myasthenia

 

22. contraction

 

23. fasciorrhaphy

 

24. deltoid

 

25. myatrophy

 

26. hamstrings

 

27. intercostals

 

28. tenosynovitis


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