CHAPTER 21 THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Exercise 21-1

  1. Digestion
  2. alimentary or gastrointestinal (GI)
  3. ingestion
    elimination
  4. salivary glands
    liver
    gallbladder
    pancreas
  5. monosaccharides
    fructose
    disaccharides
    sucrose
    polysaccharide
    starch
  6. amino
    lipids
    fatty acid

Exercise 21-2

  1. masticated
    saliva
  2. parasympathetic
  3. submaxillary
    sublingual
  4. mastication
    incisors
    bicuspids
  5. Peristalsis
    esophagus
    pharynx
    stomach
  6. deglutition
    buccal
    involuntary
  7. cardioesophageal
    stomach
  8. cardiac
    fundus
    body
    pylorus
    pyloric
  9. gastric juice
    mucus
    protects (or coats)
  10. chyme
    pyloric
    duodenum
  11. 4

Exercise 21-3

  1. pyloric
    large intestine
    ileocecal
  2. duodenum
    jejunum
    ileum
  3. pancreas
    pancreatic
  4. protein
    carbohydrates
    fats
    nucleic
  5. bile
    gallbladder
    fats
  6. hepatic
    bile
  7. peristalsis
    4-8
  8. absorbed
  9. large intestine
    ileocecal
  10. digestion (breakdown)
    water
    ions
  11. mucus
  12. feces
    rectum
    anus

Exercise 21-4

  1. metabolism
  2. anabolism
    catabolism
  3. ATP
    fats
    proteins
  4. liver
  5. Glucose
  6. Hyperglycemia
    hypoglycemia
  7. stored
    insulates
    circulatory
  8. liver
    amino
  9. kilocalories
    BMR
    TMR
  10. ATP
    heat
  11. 36.1E
    37.8E
    -thermia
    hyperthermia

Exercise 21-5

  1. glossalgia
  2. uvulotome
  3. pachyglossia
  4. linguogingival
  5. labiolingual
  6. stomatognathic
  7. oronasal
  8. orolingual
  9. buccolabial
  10. labiodental
  11. linguodental
  12. buccolingual
  13. uranoplegia
  14. stomatoplasty
  15. meloplasty
  16. cheiloplasty
  17. staphylitis
  18. ptyalorrhea
  19. stomatodynia
  20. gnathitis
  21. ptyalocele
  22. cheiloschisis
  23. staphylotomy
  24. uvulectomy
  25. malar
  26. pachycheilia
  27. palatine
  28. uranoschisis
  29. uranoplasty
  30. sialoschesis

 Exercise 21-6

  1. labio-
    bucco-
  2. linguo-
  3. mesio-
    disto-
  4. inciso-
  5. occluso-
    occlusion
    malocclusion
  6. dentition
  7. alveolus
  8. alveolitis
  9. gingivae
  10. gingivitis
  11. ulorrhea
  12. dentin
  13. periodontal
  14. gingivoplasty
  15. odontalgia
  16. orthodontics
  17. alveolotomy
  18. ulocarcinoma
  19. dentalveolar
  20. enamel

 Exercise 21-7

  1. pancreatitis
  2. cholelithotripsy
  3. hepatomegaly
  4. ieiunotomy
  5. proctodynia
  6. ileostomy
  7. gastroesophageal
  8. colostomy
  9. enterocolitis
  10. cardioplasty
  11. esophagitis
  12. cholangiotomy
  13. bilious
  14. rectostenosis
  15. pyloroscopy
  16. spincteroscopy
  17. duodenorrhaphy
  18. cholecystitis
  19. choledochitis
  20. sigmoidoscopy
  21. cecorrhaphy
  22. anoplasty
  23. appendicular
  24. hepatitis
  25. proctoptosis
  26. hepaticotomy
  27. cholemesis
  28. duodenotomy
  29. gastritis
  30. gastrectomy

 Exercise 21-8

  1. organomegaly
  2. omentectomy
  3. omentotomy
  4. celiorraphy
  5. celiomyositis
  6. peritoneopathy
  7. epiplocele
  8. ileitis
  9. laparoscopy
  10. parietal
  11. parietitis
  12. duodenal
  13. laparoscope
  14. laparotomy
  15. enteritis
  16. organopexy
  17. visceroparietal
  18. duodenotomy
  19. peritonitis
  20. appendicitis
  21. omentorrhaphy
  22. visceropleural
  23. omentitis
  24. colonoscopy
  25. dyspepsia
  26. dysphagia
  27. eupepsia
  28. dystrophy
  29. sitotherapy
  30. hematemesis

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