Photograph during 1989 of Area 2 looking South-Southeast. Ilkanid (14th century) stone and mortar walls are visible in the foreground.

What remained of the late Ayyubid Period walls attest to at least one large, elite house at the intersection of an east-west street and two north-south streets. The size and quality of construction of the house, as well as its location, would indicate that it was an elite residence of either Tuneinir's governor or its wealthiest family. Artifacts found in associated with this house include 12th and 13th century copper coins minted in Aleppo, Mayafarakin, and Sinjar. An interesting artifact from the 1988 season was a merchant's coin balace that would have served to check the accuracy of gold and silver coinage.



Schematic plan of the late Ayyubid Period (ca. AD 1200 - 1250) houses and streets.


Squares in the east edge of Area 2.


Professor Michael Fuller points to a plaster pot rest and recess on the floor of a house in Square 13 during 1989 field season.


Professor Michael Fuller points to a plaster pot rest and recess on the floor of a house in Square 13 during 1989 field season.


Sharon Doerre supervises the excavation of a vat against the outside wall of a house in Area 2.


Medieval house architecture exposed during the 1989 field season.


Cylinder seal discovered 30 cm. below the surface during 1988 in Square 14, Locus 05. The cylinder seal was discovered in soil near an Ayyubid Period well that probably brought the artifact to the surface from an Iron Age locus. It measures 32 mm in height and 12 mm in diameter.


Drawing of the cylinder seal discovered in Square 14, Locus 05.


Layout of excavation squares in Area 1. Longitude and latitude values derived from a handheld GPS device.

Photographic Credit: Professor David Hanlon, SLCC-MC
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