The khan measures 23.8 x 24.2 meters and was modified by the addition
of a mosque, enclosed corral, and cluster of shops. The only entrance
to the khan is situated along the north wall of the structure. Collapsed
arches and internal subdivisions are visible in the rooms that opened
into the courtyard. A series of semi-circular buttresses are distributed
along the exterior wall of the khan; they supported the wall and mimicked
the towers common to Ayyubid citadels.
The original plan of the south khan included the central courtyard with
interior rooms constructed in a fashion to give mirror image symmetry
down the north-south axis of the khan. The symmetry was lost during the
Ayyubid Period when the west half of the northeast room was transformed
into a weli. The addition of the mosque and shops, attached to
the north half of the khan, also disrupted the building's symmetry.
The Arabic inscriptions from Area 4 and the Syriac inscriptions from
Areas 3, 9, and 10 underline the fact that Tuneinir was a multi-ethnic, multi-religious
community during the Abbasid and Ayyubid Periods.
The southeast corner of the Area 4 khan was damaged during the Medieval Period. My first impression is that the
khan was attacked and destroyed during the 13th century and the weak spot was the southeast corner.
Stone threshold to the Area 4 khan with a peg hole to secure the door.
Area 4 included a group of small shops attached to the northwest side of the
khan. One shop included two small furn (Arabic, furnace) or
tannur (Arabic, bread oven).
Michael and Neathery Fuller measure and draw the Area 4 khan.
1927 aerial photograph of Area 4 khan taken by Poidebard.
35 mm camera on a kite line over Area 4.
Kite photograph of Area 4 during excavation.
Photographic Credit: Professor David Hanlon, SLCC-MC
Excavation units and longtitude/latitude from Area 4 calculated by a
handheld GPS device.
Webpage updated 2 March 2005
Created 25 February 2005.
Migrated 1 April 2008
Updated 28 December 2008