Copper, silver and gold coins were discovered in the ruins of the the Area 4 khan. The majority of the copper coins were minted in Sinjar. Two of the silver coins appear to have been Crusader imitations and may have been discarded for that reason. The single gold coin is presented by a cut fragment (shaped like a slice of pie) of a coin minted for King Badr ed-Din Lu'lu (AH 631 - 657 = AD 1234 - 1259) in the city of Mosul.


Silver dirhem from Square 04, locus 8. The Arabic inscription indicates that it was minted for King Al-Zahir Ghazi (AH 582 - 613) in Aleppo. The diameter of the coin is 20.1 mm. and it weighs 2.7 grams. The weight is .3 grams less than the standard raising the possibility that this was a Crusader imitation! Discovered by Sharon Doerre.

Ayyubid silver half dirhem found in Square 23, locus 05. This coin was minted in Aleppo for King Al-Zahir Ghazi. Mint date appears to be AH 598 = AD 1201. The coin has a diameter of 20 mm and weighs 2.6 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

Copper fals found in Square 4, locus 02. The coin was minted for king Al-Nasr Salah al-din Yusuf II (AH 634 - 658 = AD 1237 - 1260) in the style minted in Aleppo. The coin is 17.5 mm. in diameter and weighs 2.2 grams. Discovered by Sharon Doerre.

Copper fals found in Square 30, locus 02. The coin was minted for king Al Zahir Ghazi (AH 582 - 613 = AD 1186 - 1216) in Aleppo. The is coin is 20.5 mm. in diameter and weighs 3.4 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

Copper fals found in Square 54, locus 04. The coin was minted for Al Zahir Ghazi (AH 582 - 613 = AD 1186 - 1216) in Aleppo. The specific coin date of AH [5]98 = AD 1201 can be read in the inscription. Balog coin number 670. The is coin is 21.5 mm. in diameter and weighs 4.1 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

Large copper dirhem found in Square 8, locus 04. Minted for King Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Mayafarakin. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 612 = AD 1215. The coin meausures 30.2 mm in diameter and weighs 10 grams. It was restruck onto a coin of Al Awhad Nejm al din Ayuyub ibn al Adil AH 596 - 607 = AD 1199 - 1210), the preceeding ruler of Mayafarakin. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

Large copper dirhem found in Square 12, locus 04 (just above the floor of the khan. Minted for King Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Mayafarakin. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 612 = AD 1215. The coin measures 29.9 mm. in diameter and weighs 12.3 grams. Discovered by Sharon Doerre.

A large copper dirhem found in Square 54, locus 20. Minted for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Mayafarakin. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 612 = AD 1215. The coin measures 28.2 mm in diameter amd weighs 11.5 grams. Discovered by Sharon Doerre.

A large copper dirhem found in Square 44, locus 12. Minted for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Mayafarakin. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 612 = AD 1215. The coin measures 30 mm in diameter amd weighs 10.8 grams. The image of the turbaned king, holding a orb in his right hand, is very clear in this specimen. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.


Obverse of a large copper dirhem found in Square 44, locus 13. Minted for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Mayafarakin. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 608 = AD 1211. The coin measures 28.5 mm in diameter amd weighs 10 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

A copper dirhem found in Square 45, locus 19. Minted for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Sinjar. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 615 = AD 1218. The coin measures 25.7 mm in diameter amd weighs 7.5 grams. The coin shows the king seated with an orb in his hand. The die cutters were unable to make a very detailed image because of the small size of the coin. Discovered by Pat McWhorter.

A copper dirhem found in Square 46, locus 09. Minted for King Imad al din Zangi (AH 566 - 594 = AD 1171 - 1198) in the city of Sinjar. The mint date is clearly visible as AH 583 = AD 1187. The coin measures 22.4 mm in diameter and weighs 5.8 grams. The double-headed eagle imagery is very clear on this specimen. Discovered by Chris Neill.

Large copper dirhem of Al Ashra Musa minted in the city of Mayafarakin. Found in Area 4.

Obverse of a copper coin found in Square 44, locus 01. Minted for King Badr ed-Din Lu'lu (AH 631 - 657 = AD 1234 - 1259) in the city of Mosul. Mint date is clearly visible as AH 631 = AD 1234. The face of the king is badly worn on this specimen. The coin measures 28.4 mm. in diameter and weighs 7.5 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

A copper dirhem found in Square 44, locus 12. Minted for Kutb al din Muhammed (AH 594 - 616 = AD 1198 - 1219) in the city of Sinjar. The coin bears the specific mint date of AH [59]9 = AD [120]3. The diameter of the coin is 26 mm and it weighs 10.4 grams. Discovered by Lisa Nagel.

A copper dirhem found in Square 46, locus 09. Minted for King Kutb al din Mohammed (AH 594 - 616 = AD 1198 - 1219) in the city of Sinjar. The coin bears the specific mint date of AH 598 = AD 1202. Sayles/Spengler coin number S81.2. The diameter of the coin is 25.8 mm and it weighs 10.3 grams. The symbol that looks like a "x" at the bottom of the Arabic inscription is the Tamgha device of the King that decorated coins and possibly his flags. Discovered by Chris Neill.

Obverse of the copper dirhem found in Square 18, locus 09. Minted for King Kutb al din Mohammed (AH 594 - 616 = AD 1198 - 1219) in the city of Sinjar. The coin bears the specific mint date of AH [5]98 = AD [1]202. Sayles/Spengler coin number S81.2. The diameter of the coin is 27.1 mm and it weights 11.4 grams. Discovered by Pat McWhorter.

Obverse of a copper dirhem found in Square 14 during baulk removal in locus 904. Minted for King Kub al din Mohammed in the city of Sinjar. Mint date is AD 1202.

A copper dirhem found in Square 12, locus 04. Minted for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 607 - 628 = AD 1210 - 1230) in the city of Sinjar. The coin measures 23.4 mm in diameter and weighs 8.6 grams. Discovered by Sharon Doerre.

Obverse of a small copper dirhem of King Al Ashra Musa shown seated crossleg. Minted in Sinjar.

19th century Ottoman coin found in locus 39, locus 04. Lost or hidden by bedouin pastoralists during the 1800s.

Ayyubid copper coin minted in Aleppo found in Square 04, locus 08. Coin 471TNR90.

Ayyubid copper coin of Al Ashraf Musa minted in Mayafarakin during AH 612 / AZD 1215. Discovered in Square 08, locus 04. Coin 481TNR90.

Zangid copper coin minted in Mosul by Badr al-Din LuLu during AH 631 / AD 1234. Discovered in Square 11, locus 12. Coin 488TNR90.

Zangid copper coin minted in Sinjar by Kutb al din-Muhammed during AH 596 - 600 / AD 1199 - 1203. Discoverered in Square 17, locus 1. Coin 507TNR90.

Ayyubid copper coin minted in Sinjar by Al Ashra Musa during AH 615 - 617 / 1218 - 1220. Discovered in Square 24, locus 5. Coin 524TNR90.

Ayyubid copper coin minted in Sinjar by Al Ashra Musa during AH 617 / AD 1220. Discovered in Square 29, locus 4. Coin 546TNR90.

Ayyubid copper coin minted in Allepo found in Square 35, locus 5. Coin 552TNR90.

Photographic Credits: Professor David Hanlon, SLCC-MC
Created 8 March 2005.
Updated 5 January 2009