This webpage illustrates copper coins from the Area 6 suq (Arabic, market).

Copper coin from Square 39, Locus 10, Registration number 1157TNR94. This coin was minted for Badr al din Lulu (Spengler and Sayles 68) in AH 621 = AD 1232. The coin is 25.9 mm in diameter and weighs 9.1 grams. An overstrike in the lower left quadrant on the reverse of the coin appears to read "Allah" (Arabic, God).

Copper coin from Square 40, Locus 06, Registration Number 1165TNR94. This coin was minted in Damascus for Al Kamil Mohammed (Mitchiner 832) between the years AH 615 to 635 = AD 1218 to 1237. The coin is 22.4 mm in diameter and weighs 4.3 grams.


Copper coin discoverd in Square 40, locus 06, registration number 1168TNR95. The coin was minted in Mayafarakin for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog 851) in the year AH 612 = AD 1215. It measures 26.1 mm in diameter and weighs 6.3 grams.

Copper coin discovered in Square 40, locus 10, registration number 1172TNR94. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog) in the year AH 615 = AD 1218. It measures 22.5 mm in diameter and weighs 7.4 grams.

Copper coin discovered in square 40, locus 07, registration number 1175TNR94. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al din-Muhammed (Spengler and Sayles 81.1) in the year AH 596 = AD 1199. It measures 25.8 mm in diameter and weighs 3.5 grams.

Copper dirhem from Square 40, locus 17, registration number 1176TNR94. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog) between the years AH 615 to 617 = AD 1218 to 1220 It measures 25.3 mm in diameter and weighs 7.9 grams.

Copper dirhem from Square 48, Locus 07, Registration number 11TNR94. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog) in the year AH [61]7 = AD [12]20. It measures 23.3 mm in diameter and weighs 5.8 grams.



Copper coin from Square 49, Locus 29, registration number 1184TNR94. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog) on the year AH 615 to 599 = AD 1199 to 1118. It measures 25.2 mm in diameter and weighs 9.4 grams.

Copper coin from Square 50, Locus 15, registration number 1186TNR95. The coin was minted in Mosul for Badr al din Lulu (Spengler and Sayles 69) in the year AH 631 = AD 1233. It measures 23.8 mm in diameter and weighs 5.2 grams.


Copper coin found in Square 50, Locus 28, Registration Number 1193TNR95. The coin was minted in Aleppo for Nur al-Din Mahmud ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 74; Mitchiner 1133; Paris 575) between the years AH 558 to 564 = AD 1163 to 1169. It measures 20.8 mm in diameter and weighs 2.1 grams.


Copper coin from Square 54, Locus 05, Registration Number 1197TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al Din Muhammad ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 81.1) in the year AH 59{6} = AD 11[99]. It measures 25.4 mm in diameter and weights 10.4 grams.


Copper coin from Square 56, Locus 02, Registration number 1199TNR95. The coin was minted in Mosul for Badr al din Lulu (Spengler and Sayles 68) in the year AH 631 = AD 1233. It measures 24.6 mm in diameter and weighs 5.9 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 16, Registration number 1203TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al Din Muhammad ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 80.2) during AH 595 = AD 1198. It measures 24.2 mm in diameter and weighs 7.1 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 16, Registration number 1206TNR95. The coin was minted in Aleppo for Al Aziz (Mitchiner 846) between AH 623 - 634 = AD 1226 - 1236. It measures 22.0 mm in diameter and weighs 2.4 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 16, Registration number 1208TNR95. The coin was minted in Mayafaraqin for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog xxx) in the year AH 612 = AD 1215. It measures 27.1 mm in diameter and weighs 6.4 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 36, Registration number 12123TNR95. The coin was minted in Harran for Al Adil (Mitchiner 826) between AH 595 to 615 = AD 1199 to 1218. It measures 23.8 mm in diameter and weighs 5.6 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, locus 49, Registration Number 1222TNR95. The coin was probably minted in Mardin (no mint name is given for this series but the style resembles other coins from this mint) for Nasir al-din Artuq Arslan (Spengler and Sayles 43) in the year AH 620 = AD 1223. It measures 31.0 mm in diameter and weights 11.0 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, locus 49, Registration Number 1220TNR95. The coin was minted in Hama for Al-Salih Ayyub (Balog 566) between the years AH 637 to 647 = AD 1239 to 1249. It measures 22.5 mm in diameter and weighs 5.0 grams.


Copper coin from Square 60, locus 49, Registration Number 1225TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al Din Muhammad ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 81.1) in the year AH 596 = AD 1199. It measures 25.6 mm in diameter and weighs 10.0 grams.


Copper coin from square 66, ....


Copper coin from square 63, locus 01, Registration Number 1226TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al Din Muhammad ibn Zengi (Spenger and Sayles 81) between the years AH 596 - 599 = AD 1199 - 1202. It measures 23.3 mm in diameter and weights 6.7 grams.


Copper coin from square 66, locus 03, Registration number 1228TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Imad al din Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 79) between the years AH 582 - 585 = AD 1186 - 1189. It measures 22.6 mm in diameter and weights 5.5 grams.


Copper coin from square 89, locus 03, Registration number 1367TNR95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Qutb al Din Muhammad ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 81) between the years AH 596 to 600 = AD 1199 to 1203. It measures 27.7 mm in diameter and weights 9.9 grams.


Copper coin from square 69, locus 07, Registration number 1232TN95. The coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (Balog 854) in the year AH 615 = AD 1218. It measures 24.0 mm in diameter and weights 5.9 grams.


Copper coin from square 69, locus 07, Registration Number 1233TNR95. The coin was possibly minted in Damascus (no mint name given but based upon similarity with attributed coins) for Nur al din Mahmud ibn Zengi (Spengler and Sayles 853) between the year AH 541 - 569 = AD 1146 - 1174. It measures 22.3 mm in diameter and weights 4.3 grams.


Copper coin from square 77, locus 01, Registration Number 1242TNR95. The coin was minted in Mosul for Badr al-din Lulu (Spengler and Sayles 68) in the year AH 641 = AD 1233. It measures 21.0 mm in diameter and weights 4.4 grams.


Copper Ayyubid coin embedded in plaster from the floor of a shop in the market discovered in Square 87, Locus 05.

Copper dirhem minted during the reign of Nasr al din Mahmud in the Zengid Kingdom. The coin was minted in the city of Mosul (given in Arabic of right side of face) during the year AH 620/AD 1223 (given in Arabic on left side of face). This specimen was discovered by Carolyn Davis in locus 675007. The coin measures 31.0 mm. in maximum diameter, 3.7 mm. thick, and weighs 12.3 grams. The hole drilled above the portrait was done intentionally so the coin could be worn on a necklace. It is not a common coin at Tuneinir with less than a dozen examples; this coin type is Spengler/Saylers coin 66 and Paris coin 396.

Copper coin during the reign of Al Ashraf Musa in the Ayyubid kingdom. The coin was minted in the city of Mayafarakin in the year 1225.

Copper coin minted during the reign of al-Amjad Fath al-Din 'Umar bin Muhammed in the Zengid Kingdom. The coin was minted in the city of Sinjar in the year AH 616 or 617/ AD 1219 or 1220. This specimen was discovered in square 60, locus 08. The coin measures 23.7 mm. in maximum diameter and weighs 8.2 grams. The exact identification of the coin was made by William Spengler while preparing his volume on Zengid coinage. Fewer than a dozen examples of this coin type are known in collections around the world; 3 specimens have been documented in the coins excavated at Tuneinir. The only discussion of this rare issue is given in Spengler and Sayles coin type 84.

A common coin found at Tuneinir is the small copper coinage of Al Zahir Ghazi. This specimen was minted in Aleppo during AD 1208. The coins of Aleppo used caligraphy and geometric designs for decoration. This coin was discovered in square 78, locus 014 during 1993.

Armenian coin discovered by Carolyn Davis in Square 78, Locus 14. A copper kadez minted during the reign of Levon II in the Armenian Kingdom. The coin was minted in the city of Sis during the period AD 1270-1289. The coin measures 24.5 mm. in maximum diameter, 1.2 mm. thick, and weighs 3.9 grams. Very few Armenian coins have been discovered at Tuneinir and they all seem to be of this specific issue that compare with Bedoukian coin 73.



Copper coin minted during the reign of al Badr al din-Lulu in the Zengid Kingdom. The coin was minted in the city of Mosul (given in Arabic along the right side and top marginal inscription) in the year AH 631 / AD 1233. This specimen was discovered by Sharon Doerre in locus 687001. The coin measures 25.2 mm. in maximum diameter, 2.5 mm. thick, and weighs 5.9 grams. This is a common coin type at Tuneinir with dozens of examples; this coin type is Spengler/Sayles type 68.

Copper coin minted during the reign of Muzaffer al din Kukburi. The coin was minted in the city of Arbela in AH 588 to 590 / AD 1192 to 1193. This specimen was discovered by Karen Lane in locus 637001. The coin measures 28.0 mm. in maximum diameter, 2.5 mm. thick and weighs 7.9 grams. This is an uncommon coin type at Tuneinir and correspond to Paris coin type 832, Lowick coin type 70.588-590, and Poole 669.

Copper Zengid dirhem of either Saif al-Din Ghazi II (AD 1170 - 1180) or Izz al-Din Ma'sud (AD 1180 - 1193) from Square 1, Locus 03. Discovered during the 1997 season. Both of these coin types (Spengler and Sayles 1992; types 61 and 62) were minted either in Nisibin or al-Jazira. Coin metal registery 797 in 1997.


Copper coin found in Square 26, locus 10. This coin of Kutb al Din Muhammed was minted in Sinjar in AD 1199. The king is shown with a fighting mace over his shoulder. coin M5651 from 1999 field season.


Copper coin from Square 33, Locus 01. This coin of Kutb al Din Muhammed was minted in Sinjar in AH 596 / 9119. The king is shown with a fighting mace over his shoulder while his tamgha symbol is situated in front of his face. Metal registry number 4582.


Copper coin from Square 43, Locus 05. A coin of Qutb al Din Muhammed was minted in Sinjar. The king is shown with a fighting mace over his shoulder. Metal registry MA599 from TNR97.


Copper coin from Square 50, Locus 17. A Byzantine coin of Justin II minted in Constaninople between 518 - 522. Coin 946TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 07. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Zahir Ghazi (AD 1186 - 1216). coin 990TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, locus 07. A coin of Al Ashraf Musa minted in Sinjar during AD 1220. 973TNR93.


Silver dirhem from Square 70, locus 08. A posthumous coin (after AH 613 / AD 1216) of Al Zahir Ghazi minted in Aleppo. Coin 1042TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 29, locus 10. A coin of Al Salih Ismail minted in Damascus between 1242 and 1245. Coin 890TNR93.


Copper fals from Square 70, locus 08. A coin of Al Ashra Musa minted in Sinjar in AD 1220. Coin 1039TNR93.


Copper fals from square 75, locus 06. A coin of Salahdin minted in Mayafarakin AH 570 - 589 / AD 1174 - 1193. Coin 1053TNR93.


Copper coin from square 78, locus 14. A coin of Al Ashra Musa minted in Mayafarakin in AH 612 / AD 1215. Coin 1065TNR93.


Copper fals from square 78, locus 14. A coin minted for the Abbasid Caliph Mansur (AD 754 - 775). 1059TNR93.


Copper coin from square 78, locus 14. A coin of Al Ashraf Musa minted in Mayafarakin (Turkey).


Copper coin from square 79 during bulk trimming. An Urtukid point minted in .


Copper coin from square 8, locus 09. This coin was a double strike.


Copper coin from square 86, locus 10. Coin of Kutb al Din Muhammed was minted in Sinjar between AD 600 - 602 / AD 1203 - 1205.


Copper coin from square 88, locus 02. The obverse of the coin shows a double headed eagle. It was minted in Sinjar for Imad al din Zangi ibn Modud between AD 1186 and 1189. Coin 1091TNR93 .


Copper coin from square 39, locus 05. This Urtukid coin was minted for Hosam al din Yuluk Arslan (AH 580 - 597/ AD 1184 - 1201).


Copper coin from square 49, locus 29. This Ayyubid coin was minted in Sinjar for Al Ashraf Musa (AH 617/ AD 1220).


Bar graph showing the number of coins from specific mints found in Area 6.


Copper coin minted during the Late Byzantine Period / Umayyad Caliphate. Discovered in the deep testing beneath the Ayyubid Period market in square 89, locus 35.


Dozens of uncleaned bronze coins from square 8, locus 09. Discovered by Pat McWhorters during the 1997 season.


Copper coin from Square 25, Locus 02. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Aziz. This issue dates from AH 623 to 634 / AD 1226 to 1236. The coin measures 23.0 mm in diameter and weighs 2.8 grams. Registered coin 871TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 25, Locus 10. A coin showing a two headed eagle minted in Sinjar during the reign of Imad al din Zangi (Spengler and Sayle 79). This issue was made between AH 582 - 585/ AD 1186 - 1189. The coin measures 24.2 mm in diameter and weighs 6.4 grams. Registered coin 876TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 25, Locus 10. A coin minted in Sinjar during the reign of Qutb al din Muhammed (Spengler and Sayle 80). This issue dates from AH 594 to 595 / AD 1199 - 1200. It measures 20.5 mm in diameter and weighs 4.8 grams. Registered coin 879TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 03. A coin minted in Nisibis during the reign of Al Kamil Mohammed (Balog 493; Mitchiner 831). This type of coin was issued from AH 615 - 635 / AD 1218 - 1238. It measures 18.5 mm in diameter and weighs 4.6 grams. Registered coin 955TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 03. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Zahir Ghazi. This type of coin was issued from AH 582 - 613 / AD 1186 - 1216. It measures 23.3 mm in diameter and weighs 2.7 grams. Registered coin 956TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 05. A coin minted in Seljug Kingdom of Rum during the reign of Rukn al din Suleiman (AH 592 - 600 / AD 1196 - 1204). This coin measures 20.9 mm in diameter and weighs 2.0 grams. Registered coin 961TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 07. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Aziz (AH 613 - 634 / AD 1216 - 1236). This coin measures 18.5 mmm. Registered coin 961TNR93..


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 25. A coin minted in Sinjar during the reign of Al Ashraf Musa and dated as AH 617 / AD 1220. The coin measures 29.6 mm and 10.0 grams. Registered coin 1010TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 33. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Zahir Ghazi (AH 582 - 613 / AD 1186 - 1216). The coin measures 23.8 mm in diameter and weighs 3.0 gramas. Registered coin 1016TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 34. A coin minted in Aleppo during the reign of Al Zahir Ghazi (AH 582 - 613 / AD 1186 - 1216). It measures 25.2 mm and weighs 2.4 grams. Registered coin 1018TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 60, Locus 34. A coin minted in Mayafarakin during the reign of Al Ashraf Musa and dated AH 612 / AD 1215. It measures 30.0 mm in diameter and weighs 8.7 grams. Registered coin 1080TNR93.


Copper coin from Square 84, Locus 02. A coin minted in Urfa (Harran) during the reign of Al Adil (AH 595 - 615 / AD 1199 - 1218). It measures 23.5 mm in diameter and weighs 4.0 grams. Registered coin 1018TNR93.

Bibliography

Balog, Paul
1980 The Coinage of the Ayyubids. London, Royal Numismatic Society.

Hellequin, Gilles
1985 Catalogue des monnaies musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris.

Mitchiner, Michael
1977 Oriental Coins and their Values: The World of Islam. London.

Spengler, William F. and Wayne G. Sayles
1992 Turkoman Figural Bronze Coins and their Iconography: Vol. 1 - The Artuqids. Clio's Cabinet, Lodi, Wisconsin.

1996 Turkoman Figural Bronze Coins and their Iconography: Vol. 2 - The Zengids. Clio's Cabinet, Lodi, Wisconsin.
Photographic Credits: Professor David Hanlon, SLCC-MC
Webpage created 2 February 2001
Migrated 2 April 2008
Webpage updated 23 December 2010