Interior of the sanctuary of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Hah, Turkey. A silver clad Bible rests upon a wooden stand that is drapped with a piece of decorated cloth. This is a common feature in all Syriac Orthodox and Assuri (Church of the East) sanctuaries.





Cloth decorated with scene of Madonna, Christ child, and two angels from the Syrian Orthodox Church of Hah, Turkey. It is likely that a decorated piece of cloth would have been positioned in the doorways leading into the haikal (Syriac, temple/holy room) and Beth Ma'mudita (Syriac, baptistery),







His Eminence, Archbishop Mor Eustathius Matta Roham, a group of priests from the Syrian Orthodox Church, and Michael Fuller discuss Area 9. Amira Fuller listens during the 1998 field season.






View of the entrance to the monastery of St. George (Greek Orthodox) located outside of Damascus (Syria). The Area 9 monastery probably had a similar look but out of mudbrick instead of cut stone.






A sheep being brought to the Monastery of St. George (Greek Orthodox outside of Damascus) as an offering. Not everyone in the monastery (especially guests) is a vegetarian. Sheep and goat bones were found in a few fill deposits within the Area 9 monastery at Tell Tuneinir.






The impressive monastery of St. Mary situated west of Hasake (Syria) at Tell Wardiat. It was consecrated on 15 August 2000 by his holiness Patriarch Mor Ignatius Zakka Iwas in an impressive celebration. Professors Michael and Neathery Fuller attended the consecration ceremony and wrote a short essay for the official celebration booklet. The monastery of St. Mary has a cruciform (cross shaped) pattern that is different (more elaborate) than the layout of the monastery at Tuneinir.






An elaborately painted cross with Syriac and Arabic decorates on portion of a wall in the entrance corridor to the Monastery of St. Mary (Syrian Orthodox). The Arabic inscription is a "thank you" to St. Louis Community College, Professor Michael Fuller, and Professor Neathery Fuller for our work in documenting the history of the Christian community at Tell Tuneinir, Syria!






Metal chains would have suspended lamps along the walls of the monastery at Tuneinir. Archaeological evidence for this consisted of stain patterns on the plaster floors. These lamps were photographed in the Syrian Orthodox Monastery called Deir ez-Za`faran (Arabic, Saffron Monastery) and Mor Hananyo (Syriac, Saint Hanayo) which is located just outside of Mardin, Turkey.





Metal chains hang from the ceiling in front of the haikal in Syrian Orthodox Monastery called Deir ez-Za`faran (Arabic, Saffron Monastery) and Mor Hananyo (Syriac, Saint Hanayo) which is located just outside of Mardin, Turkey. It is likely that the monastery church in Area 9 was originally made with two stories to allow the intense summer heat to rise and cool the lower portion of the sanctuary.





The altar in the Chaldean church in Diyarbakr (Turkey) is illuminated with electric lights. Oil lamps burning olive oil would have provided the illumination in the Area 9 monastery church. The light levels would have been approximately the same.






A raised relief panel showing the Cross, angels and a Syriac inscription. Photographed inside the Chaldean church in Diyarbakr (Turkey). This panel has some traits in common with the decorated panels found at the monastery in Tuneinir, except that it was found inside the sanctuary instead of at the entrance.




The Bible belonging the Chaldean church in Diyarbakr (Turkey).





Small objects of devotion in the Chaldean church in Diyarbakr (Turkey). A raised platform in the northwest corner of the sanctuary in Area 9 might have supported a small devotional objects like these.




Small statue dedicated to St. Antonius in the Chaldean church in Diyarbakr (Turkey). A raised platform in the northwest corner of the sanctuary in Area 9 might have supported a small devotional statue like this one.





Electrified oil lamps and chandleer in front of the haikal of an ancient Church in Diyarbakr (ancient Amida), Turkey.






Carved stone panels in the corner of an ancient in Diyarbakr, Turkey.






Another view of the carved stone panels.




Another view of a carved marble panel with Syriac inscription in the Church of xxx in Diyarbakr, Turkey.






Splayed arm cross in the church of Diyarbakr, Turkey.






Surviving Monastery in Wadi Kadesha, Lebanon

Monastery of Saint Moses the Ethiopian near Nebk, Syria

Monastery of Bishoy in Egypt

Monastery of Demiana in Egypt

Monastery of al-Moharrak in Egypt

Created 24 June 2005

Updated 18 November 2008