Bowling Stone Mound, 23CE152


The rescue excavation began after the rock and earth mound was cleaned of surface leaf litter and grass. Photograph provided by Professor W. Raymond Wood, University of Missouri at Columbia. A black-and-white version of this photograph was published by Chapman (1980: Figure 3-10).



Colorized plan and profile of Bowling Stone Mound - 23CE152, adapted from Wood and Brock (1984: Figure 10). At least seven individuals were buried in the mound. Two of the burials (Burial 1 A & B) were near the center of the mound. The remains of the other individudals were broadcast throuogh the east and central parts of the mound. Burial 1 (A & B) was composed of a rearticulated, partially burned adult male and the bundle burial of a unburned younger adult. Three charred maize kernels and part of a charred walnut shell were among the bones. Animal bones associated with burials included part of a deer mandible, deer metapodial fragments, turtle shell fragments, and a piece of mollusk shell.



The chipped stone artifacts from the site include five Scallorn points (a - e) and one roughly flaked, unnotched Young point (f). A rectangular conch-shell pendant (h) was discovered in almost the exact center of the mound. Four pottery vessels were represented by the rim and bodysherds found in the mound; they included a grog-tempered vessel (l) , a dark-gray shell-tempered vessel with vertical z-twisted cord impressions (m), and two limestone-tempered vessels (i - j). Small pockets and individual kernals of charred corn and hickory shells were discovered in the fill of the mound; mulberry and dogwood seeds were also recovered. A possible dog burial was discovered in a bedrock crevice in the northeastern part of the mound.


Chapman, Carl H.
1980 The Archaeology of Missouri, II. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

Wood, W. Raymond and Sharon L. Brock
1984 The Bolivar Burial Complex of Southwestern Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 45.


Special thanks to Professor W. Raymond Wood for his permission to create this webpage.
Webpage constructed by Michael Fuller, 18 December 2007