Chariton Site (23CH54)

The Chariton Site was recorded in 1976 by an archaeological survey crew from MSU. The site is significance because it is one of approximately a dozen Middle Woodland Period village site in the Central Missouri River Valley. Artifacts in a private collection from the site include pottery sherds with punch and boss decoration, incised lines, dentate stamping, rocker marking, and cordmarking. Stone tools include ground hematite celts, a three-quarter grooved axe, and a variety of chipped chert tools. At least two of the bifacially flaked tools show evidence of polishing that would suggest agricultural activities. Historic pieces of metal, glass, and china are related to a 19th century farm house which once stood on the summit of the site. The site is privately owned and is posted against trespassers or collectors. Please respect the owner's rights to privacy.



View of the Chariton site when planted in corn during 1976.



View of the Chariton site in 2013; the site area is a pasture.



Ox-bow lake near the Chariton Site was part of the rich riverine resources exploited by the Native Americans living at the site.



Stone tools from the Chariton Site.



Middle Woodland pottery sherds with dentate, rocker, and zoned decoration from Chariton Site.



Middle Woodland Period sherds from Chariton Site.



Middle Woodland Period projectile point from the Chariton Site; private collection.



Middle Woodland Period projectile point with burin from the Chariton Site; private collection. Length = 64.3 mm, width = 26.7 mm, thickness = 9.1 mm and weight = 18.8 grams.



Middle Woodland Period projectile point from the Chariton Site; private collection. Length = 60.1 mm, width = 31.4 mm, thickness = 8.8 mm, and weight = 16.2 gram.



Middle Woodland Period piece of faceted hematite from Chariton Site; private collection.



Middle Woodland Period scraper from Chariton Site; private collection. Length = 42.2 mm, width = 37.4 mm, thickness = 25.6 mm and weight = 37.8 grams.



Middle Woodland Period scraper from Chariton Site; private collection. Length = 43.8 mm, 42.4 mm, thickness = 18.3 mm, and weight = 34.4 grams.



Decorated Middle Woodland Period sherd from Chariton Site; private collection. Thickness = 8.0 mm, and weight = 20.3 grams; fine sand, grit and grog temper.



Decorated Middle Woodland Period sherd from Chariton Site; private collection. Thickness = 8.1 mm and weight = 25.4 grams; sand and grog temper.



Notched Middle Woodland Period sherd from Chariton Site; private collection. Thickness = 6.6 mm and weight = 7.8 grams; fine grit temper.



Undecorated Middle Woodland Period sherd from Chariton Site; private collection. Thickness = 7.7 mm and weight = 30.8 grams; sand and grog temper.



Faintly decorated (rocker) Middle Woodland Period sherd from Chariton Site; private collection. Thickness = 9.6 mm and weight = 16.0 grams; sand and grog temper.



Webpage constructed 23 January 2006
Webpage updated 6 December 2012