CLOVERDALE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE

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Site Constructed 17 June, 2002

Revised August 24, 2011

Neathery and Michael Fuller,

Archaeologists and Web Designers

Published description of Cloverdale Site written by J. Mett Shippee and published in "Archaeological Remains in the Kansas City Area: the Mississippian Occupation" Missouri Archaeological Society Research Series 9, 1972.



pages 14-15: The Cloverdale site is thirty-five miles north of Steed-Kisker (site). The house excavated there is an interesting example of the locations chosen by Mississippian people on which to build houses. The structure was discovered by R. B. Aker on a narrow ridge 200 feet above the extensive village remains along valley terraces of Cloverdale Creek. Its location prompts speculation that the builders and occupants were possibly seeking isolation from people in the nearby village. The terrace village site has evidence of occupation by Nebraska Culture and Mississippian peoples, and Woodland people are also known to have camped in the valley. Nebraska and Steed-Kisker materials are so mixed in the village site and in the burial area on the nearby ridge that the two complexes are thought to have occupied the area simultaneously.

A nearby burial mound, an a number of individual graves (examined before they were destroyed by vandals) produced diagnostic artifacts of both complexes in the general earth fill. The fact that the Nebraska Culture people placed diagnostic artifacts near their burials indicate a departure from what Strong noted in eastern Nebraska; burial thought to be of that culture did not have associated artifacts that definitely identify the remains.

The Cloverdale house was high on the ridge above the village site, which is reminiscent of the places chosen by Nebraska Culture people as described b Sterns in Strong, but the house plan is similar to those in Steed Kisker sites in southern Platte County (Missouri). The entire inventory of artifacts from the house floor and from the huge pit in the house are also similar to those in Steed-Kisker sites. Decoration on one rim are similar to those at Steed-Kisker, but the tempering material is sand and shell. The vessel has a burnished surface and is very hard and heavy. The floor was originally about two feet below the surface. A cluster of trees on the south side of the structure prevented excavation to determine whether or not the entrance was on that side of the house.