A Christian House Church was discovered by the Yale University Expedition to Dura Europos, Syria. Photographs from the archive of the Yale Art Museum. The wall painting must pre-date the city's destruction that occurred in AD 257.

Removal of fill from inside of the Christian House Church at Dura Europos showing the Good Shepherd wall painting. [Yale University Art Museum Archives].

"

Wall painting showing Christ as the Good Shepherd and a small vignette of Adam and Eve (in the lower left corner). [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Detail of the wall painting show Christ as the Good Shepherd. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Detail of the face of Chrsit wall painting show Christ as the Good Shepherd. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Reconstruction of the niche with the Good Shepherd wall painting. Note the two framing panels showing clusters of wine grapes. [Yale University Art Museum Archives].


Detail of Adam and Eve beneath the Tree of the Forbidden Fruit. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Drawing by Yale Archaeologists of Adam and Eve beneath the Tree of the Forbidden Fruit.


Wall painting showing the New Testament story reorded in John 5:8 - 10 where Christ heals the paralytic. Christ is represented pointing to a man laying on a cot, then the action moves to the left with the name carrying the cot. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Closeup of the Christ and the paralytic from the Dura Europos church wall painting. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Wall painting fragment showing the New Testament story recorded in Matthew 14:22-33 where Christ walks on water and Peter takes his hand to be rescued as Peter begins to sink. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Photograph taken in the field at Dura Europos by Yale University archaeologists showing the figure of a woman drawing water from a well.


Drawing made in the field at Dura Europos by Yale University archaeologists showing the figure of a woman drawing water from a well.


Drawing made in the field at Dura Europos by Yale University archaeologists showing the figure of 3 women visiting the tomb of Christ. Two star bust patterns are shown in the corners the empty tomb. I believe that the artist who decorate the walls of the house church at Dura Europos was trying to show that the borrowed tomb used for burial of Christ had a tented roof and a vine patterns painted on its walls. The artist attempt to show the interior of a painted tomb reminds me of tomb Q4 at the Decapolis site of Abila. Click here to see that parallel: http://users.stlcc.edu/mfuller/abila/AbilaTombQ4.html


Wall painting fragment showing the New Testament story recorded in Mark 16:1 where Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome come to the tomb of Christ at dawn after the Sabbath. Each woman carries a torch in her right hand and a small offering bowl (of spices?) in her left hand. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Closeup of the first woman carrying the torch an approaching the tomb of Christ. It is a pity that we do not have a painted or scratched identification of this figure. It is tempting to suppose that the artist intended this figure to represent Mary Magdalene. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]


Closeup of the second woman carrying the torch an approaching the tomb of Christ. It is a pity that we do not have a painted or scratched identification of this figure. [Wall painting on display in the Yale University Art Museum in New Haven, CT.]

Webpage constructed 27 October 2014
Webpage updated 4 December 2015