23MT2 - Graham Cave stone tools


Graham Cave Notched type point illustrated by Chapman (1975:Figure A-12). This point was illustrated by Logan (1952: Plate 5f). Estimated (from line drawing) length = 98 mm and estimated width = 28 mm.




"Classic" Graham Cave point base (specimen number 6287-54) found at Graham Cave, Level 3b. Length = 40 mm, width = 30 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 9.7 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14b) illustrated this point and classified it as one of six examples of a Graham Cave side notched point.





Chapmnan (1975:Figure A-11) described Graham Cave Fluted as a point type associated with the Graham Cave excavation. A photograph appears in Logan (1952: Plate 4k). The designation as Graham Cave Fluted has not been widely used by other archaeologists. The illustrated point can be described as a Dalton point variant. Estimated (from line drawing) length = 91 mm, and width = 32 mm. The color image was photographed by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) in a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Dalton point variant. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Etley point variant. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Graham Cave point resharpened until exhausted. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Two scrapers. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Piece of intensely utilized hematite. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.


Preform. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.



Burinated fluted point (with flute on only one side) from the C. K. Sheets collection made in Graham Cave. Length = 36 mm, width = 24 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 7.7 grams.








Hardin Barbed point (specimen number 6294-54) found at Graham Cave in natural layer 2b. Length = 74 mm, width = 31 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 16.1 grams. The point is strongly beveled.







St. Charles point from the C. K. Sheets collection made in Graham Cave. Length = 38 mm, width = 27 mm, thickness = 5 mm, and weight = 6.1 grams.







A side-notched point (no specimen number written on the artifact) found at Graham Cave. Length = 65 mm, width = 27 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 14.1 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14e) noted this point as similar to Black Sand Side Notched.








Smith point (specimen number 4890) found at Graham Cave in level 4a. Length = 86 mm, width = 55 mm, thickness = 11 mm, and weight = 42.6 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14j) illustrated this point as an example of a basal notched point. It is also illustrated by Chapman (1952: Figure 8K).








Dalton point (specimen number 4904), heavily resharpened, found at Graham Cave in level 1a. Length = 65 mm, width = 33 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 11.7 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 17a) illustrated this point.








Base of a Hardin point (specimen number 4830) found at Graham Cavein natural layer 1b. Length = 43 mm, width = 31 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 10.0 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 13b) illustrated this point as an example of a Hardin Barbed point manufactured out of heat treat chert.







Heavily resharpened Lanceolate point or possibly a Hardin Barbed point (specimen number 4972) found at Graham Cave. Length = 63 mm, width = 22 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 8.8 grams. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 17b).








Table Rock point (specimen number 5021) found at Graham Cave, natural layer 2B. Length = 69 mm, width = 27 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 17.8 grams. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 12L) and Chapman (1952: Figure 10q).








Dalton point (specimen number 5057) in initial use stage found at Graham Cave. Length = 100 mm, width = 29 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 21.3 grams. Klippel (1973: Figure 10a) illustrated this point as an example of a lanceolate point. The point was also illustrated by Chapman (1952: Figure 8o).







Corner Notched point (specimen number 6008) found at Graham Cave. Length = 66 mm, width = 33 mm, thickness = 6 mm, and weight = 11.0 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14 L) illustrated this point as an example of an expanding stem arrowpoint.








Side notched point (specimen number 6160-52) found at Graham Cave in layer 1a. Length = 55 mm, width = 28 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 12.2 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14d) illustrated this point as an example of a Black Sand Notched-like point.








Rice Lobed point (specimen number 6287-54) found at Graham Cave, level 3. Length = 67 mm, 46 mm, 10 mm, and 30.5 grams. Mildly bevelled. Klippel (1971: Figure 12c) illustrated this point and noted that there were 20 similar specimens.









Big Sandy point (specimen number 6492-53) found at Graham Cave, Level 1. Length = 54 mm, width = 27 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and 13.2 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14f) illustrated this point that he classified as an example of Black Sand side notched.








St. Charles point (specimen number 7206-53) found at Graham Cave, level 6a. Length = 94 mm, width = 38 mm, thickness = 9 mm, and weight = 35.5 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 13c) illustrated this point.







Rice Lobed point (specimen number 7901-53) found at Graham Cave, level 3. Length = 72 mm, width = 42 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 23.6 grams.








Side-Notched point (specimen number 7591-54) found at Graham Cave, level 3b. Note impact fracture at tip. Length = 41 mm, width = 24 mm, thickness = 6 mm, and weight = 7.8 grams. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 14c) who considered it as an example of Black Sand Notched-like point.








Lanceolate point (specimen number 7769-54) found at Graham Cave. Note burin along the blade edge. Length = 85 mm, width = 30 mm, thickness = 9 mm, and weight = 25.7 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 10c) illustrated this point as an example of a lanceolate. Chapman (1952: Figure 8j) also illustrates the point.








Heavily resharpened point (specimen number 7864-53) found at Graham Cave, level 1. Length = 76 mm, width = 29 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 15.9 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 17e) illustrated this point as an example of drill made out of a straight-stemmed point.








Rice Lanceolate point (specimen number 8763-53) found at Graham Cave, level 3. Length = 69 mm, width = 28 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 14.7 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 11b) illustrated the specimen as an example of an lanceolate point.








Base of a Graham fluted point (specimen number 8790-53) found at Graham Cave, level 3. Length = 34 mm, width = 25 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 6.8 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 10b) illustrated this point as an example of lanceolate point.







Breckenridge point (specimen number 8801-52) found at Graham Cave, level 4b. Length = 55 mm, width = 26 mm, thickness = 7 mm, and weight = 9.9 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 10i) illustrated this point as an example of a Dalton point.








St. Charles point (specimen number 8802-53) found at Graham Cave, level 3. Length = 57 mm, width = 32 mm, thickness = 9.3 mm, and weight = 17.1 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 13d) illustrated this point.








Side notched point (specimen number 8826-50) found at Graham Cave, level 1a. Length = 114 mm, width = 32 mm, thickness = 11 mm, and weight = 40.8 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 14g) illustrated this point and noted that it was unique among the points from Graham Cave.








St. Charles point (specimen number 8818-53) found at Graham Cave, level 4. Length = 63 mm, width = 49 mm, thickness = 8 mm, weight = 28.0 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 13f) illustrated this point.






Dalton point (specimen number 7901-53) found at Graham Cave in natural layer 3. Note the damaged ear on the base. Length = 85 mm, width = 30 mm, thickness = 8 mm, and weight = 23.6 grams. Klippel (1971: Figure 10e) illustrated this point.









Black and White photograph taken in the 1950s of two Plainview-like points and the broken base of a fluted Clovis point (center).







Black and White photograph taken in 1950s of two Graham Cave side notched points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph of the 1950s of two Graham Cave Side Notched points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph of the 1950s of two Dalton points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph of the 1950s of Archaic Period points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph taken in 1950s of two Graham Cave points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph taken in the 1950s of two Dalton points from the excavation.







Black and white photograph of three basal notched points from Graham Cave incoluding a Calf Creek points (far left).







Black and white photograph of scrapers from Graham Cave.







Black and white photograph of cores from Graham Cave.







Black and white photograph of projectile points from Graham Cave.







Drawing of projectile points from Graham Cave.







Drawing of scrapers from Graham Cave.







Black-and-white photograph of fabric impressed clay from Graham Cave.







Black and white photograph of several points from Graham Cave including a Dalton point.







Dalton point with damage to the base on exhibit at Graham Cave State Park. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 17c).








Straight-stemmed Archaic point resharpened into awl on display at Graham Cave State Park. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 17f).







Archaic point resharpened into awl on display at Graham Cave State Park. Illustrated by Klippel (1971: Figure 17d).







Corner notched point on display at Graham Cave State Park.







Nutting stone on display at Graham Cave State Park. Possibly the same artifact illustrated by (Klippel 1971: Figure 20b).







Black and white photograph of a nutting stone from Graham Cave (Logan



Pottery from Natural Layers 1 and 2 in Graham Cave.
Cordmarked pottery rimsherd. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.
Cordmarked pottery rimsherd. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.
Cordmarked pottery rimsherd. Photograph by Eric Smith (Trustee, MAS) of a travelling exhibit from the University of Missouri Anthropology Museum.



Studying the Graham Cave collection at the University of Missouri - Columbia.




Special thanks to Candace Sall, Curation Specialist, American Archaeology Division for her assistance in researching the curated archaeological collections of the University of Missouri - Columbia. The images reproduced at this website were graciously provided by the American Archaeology Division (AAD) Museum and Missouri Archaeological Society. A warm thanks to Neathery Batsell Fuller for her advice on the content of the webpage. Webpage constructed 25 February 2006
Updated 24 September 2014