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18 February 2001
Medieval Era Archaeological Sites
Crusader Era Sites in Greater Syria
|Bakas / Shugur Qadim|
The ruins of a Cruader castle stands opposite of the modern Arab village of Shugur Qadim.
A deep chasm divided the settlement into two castles: Shugur (the Northern Keep) and Bakas (the larger, Southern compound).
Architectural details of the Northern Keep suggest that it was constructed by Byzantine masons around AD 900.
The date of Crusader conquest is not known.
Saladin captured to Southern compound on 5 August 1188.
The Northern Keep surrendered a week later on 12 August 1188.
Mongols seized the castle during Tamerlane's invasion of Syria during 1260.
Mamluk Sultan Baibars regained control of the castle approximately in ca. 1270..
GPS information for Bakas
1. Modern Mosque in the village of Shugar, across canyon from castle
North 35o 51.165' and East 036o 17.044'
Approximate elevation of 1006 ft.
2. Preserved window in middle of West wall of North Keep
North 35o 51.225' and East 036o 17.021'
Approximate elevation of 1059 ft.
3. Kufic inscription near the southern edge of the North Keep
North 35o 51.203' and E036o 17.048'
Approximate elevation of 1014 ft.
4. Tower at the southeast end of the North Keep
North 35o 51.196' and East 036o 17.073'
Approximate elevation of 1033 ft.
5. Crusader cistern still used to water goats in North Keep
North 35o 51.290' and East 036o 16.962'
Approximate elevation of 910 ft.
6. Large vaulted chamber near south end of North Keep
North 35o 51.202' and East 036o 17.057'
Approximate elevation of 1031 ft.
7. Trail in canyon as it begins to climb to the castle
North 35o 51.329' and East 036o 16.912'
Approximate elevation 862