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Medieval Era Archaeological Sites

Crusader Era Sites in Greater Syria

Qalaat Maniqa / Castellum Malavans

We visited the caslte on 23 July 2000

 

ca. 1000 Original construction by Arabs

ca. 1100 Taken over by Byzantine

1118 Crusaders take control

1160 Ismaelis control castle

1186 Crusaders (Hospitallers) control castle for Bohemond III or Antioch

1270 to 1273 Ismaelis control castle

1273 Captured by Baybars

Arched window

Arched window, again

Arrows loops in curtain wall

Lower castle wall

Walls of donjon

Walls and tower of donjon

Grape arbor of Sulieman Mohammed beneath castle

David Hanlon fine art photograph of outer wall

GPS information for Maniqa

1. Tower in southeast corner

North 35o 14.054' and East 036o 05.789'

Approximate elevation 656 meters

 

2. Square tower along east wall

North 35o 14.065' and East 036o 05.789'

Approximate elevation of 2142 ft.

 

3. Square tower along east Wall

North 35o 14.074' and East 036o 05.800'

Approximate elevation of 2158 ft.

 

4. Square tower along east Wall

North 35o 14.092' and East 036o 05.806'

Approximate elevation of 2151 ft.

 

5. Northeast corner of donjon near rock cut chasm

North 35o 14.096' and East 036o 05.848'

Approximate elevation of 2199 ft.

 

6. Northwest corner of donjon near rock cut chasm

North 35o 14.130' and East 036o 05.792'

Approximate elevation of 2146 ft.

 

7. Along west wall of castle

North 35o 14.101' and East 036o 05.777'

Approximate elevation of 2189 ft.

 

8. Along west wall of castle

North 35o 14.090' and East 036o 05.759'

Approximate elevation 2164 ft.

 

9. Along west wall of castle

North 35o 14.080' and East 036o 05.742'

Approximate elevation of 2225 ft.

 

10. Southwest corner of castle

North 35o 14.063' and East 036o 05.728'

Approximate elevation of 2107 ft.

 

11. Southeast corner of castle

North 35o 14.051' and East 036o 05.754'

Approximate elevation of 2121 ft.

 

12. House of Sulieman Muhammad below castle

North 35o 14.035' and East 036o 05.760'

Approximate elevation of 2091 ft.