The Nodena site (3MS4)
near the Arkansas - Missouri border is the type site for the Nodena Phase.
The most significant artifact from the Upper Nodena
site (3MS4) is an effigy vessel shaped in the form of a human head. The pottery ware is
called Carson Red on Bluff. Hathcock (1976:225) reports that the effigy is 17 cm. tall and
23 cm. in diameter.
Upside down image of the hawk design around
the left eye of the human head effigy vessel.
Design at the edge of the right eye of the
human head effigy vessel.
Geographic distribution of the Nodena Culture.
Digitized black and white image of the stain
patterns at the Nodena site indicating that they constructed wall trench style houses.
The only published radiocarbon date from the Upper Nodena site is an uncalibrated
date of AD 1320 +/- 250.
The site is
discussed in detail in "Nodena", edited by Dan F. Morse and published by the
Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series no. 4. The Nodena phase
is also discussed in Archaeology of the Central Mississppi Valley by Dan F. Morse and
Phyllis A. Morse and published by Academic Press, 1983. They note that cultigens from the
site include both corn and beans. Wild plant foods included hickory nut, persimmon, black walnut,
pecan, wild cherry, hazelnut, and pawpaw. Examples of Nodena Phase pottery are included
in Ancient Indian Pottery of the Mississippi River Valley by Roy Hathcock, published
by Hurley Press in Cambden, Arkansas.
Click here to see images of Nodena Phase pottery including effigy vessels
Click here to see images of painted Nodena Phase pottery
Click here to see images of Nodena Phase stone and shell artifacts