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1 July 2004
and Michael Fuller,
Era Sites - Middle East
Fatamid castle along the Orontes River is captured by Byzantines.
Banu Munqidh Arab clan sieze castle.
Tancred, Prince of Antioch, attacks Shaizar.
1110 Tancred, Prince of Antioch, attacks Shaizar but finally agrees to a treaty.
1134 Byzantine forces attack.
1138 Byzantine troops under
John II Comnenus besieges Sheizar but does not get Crusader support in the siege..
Earthquake damages the castle and Crusaders briefly occupy the lower portion of the town.
The Emir and his entire family die in the earthquake. Ismaelites from Masyaf
intervene to keep Crusaders from establishing a foothold.
Crusaders besiege the castle, unsuccessfully.
Nur ad-din of Aleppo occupies the castle.
Further earthquake damage.
Salahdin brings entire area under Ayyubid control.
New keep built on citadel by Ayyubids.
1260 to 1261
Mongol destuction to parts of castle with rebuilt by Mamluk Sultan Baibars.
Mamluk Sultan Qalaun inscription on the large gate.