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27 June 2004
and Michael Fuller,
Era Sites - Middle East
Fatamids lose control of the town to Banu 'Ammar,
Crusader's besiege Tripoli and it purchases its freedom.
Tripoli forms an alliance with Damascus to repulse Crusader attacks
by Raymond de St. Gilles. Crusaders build hilltop castle of Mons Pelerinus.
1109 Tripoli withstands a 4 year siege. Surrenders to Bertrand, Son of Raymond
de St. Gilles. Becomes of the seat of the Counts of Tripoli.
1112 to 1137 Pons, son of Berterand reigns during a time of constant
warfare with Urturkids. He is killed in battle by Damascene forces under
1137 to 1152 Raymond II, son of Pons, rules though in face of a counterclaim
to reign from Alphonse-Jourdain, count of Toulouse and legitimate son of
Raymnond de St. Gilles. Alphonse-Jourdain's sudden death in 1148 may have been
1152 to 1187 Raymond III, son of Raymond II, rules after his father is killed.
He is held captive for 10 years (1164 to 1174) by Nur-ad-Din. He served as regent
of Jerusalem for Baldwin IV and Baldwin V. He dies in the battle of the Horns of Hattin.
1187 Principality of Antioch assumes
control of Tripoli upon the death of Count Raymond III.
1157 and 1170
Earthquakes damage the town and castle.
1187 to 1233Bohemond IV rules Tripoli. Recaptures territory lost by
previous Barons and continues to serve as a port for Muslim caravans bringing
goods for Europe.
1233 to 1252 Bohemond V rules Tripoli. Spends more time in Tripoli than Antioch
though he hold rulership over both.
Town looted in a raid by Khwarezmian mercenaries.
1252 to 1275
Bohemond VI rules Tripoli. He marries Hetoum of Armenia.
Bohemond VI and Hetoum pay tribute to the Mongols to spare the city.
Mamluk Sultan Baibars captures smaller forts along road to Tripoli.
Baibars captures Antioch. Bohemond VI signs a 10 year truce with Mamluks
1275 to 1287
Bohemond VII rules Tripoli. His mother, Sybil of Armenia, and his sister Lucie,
dispute rulership with Bartholomeo Embriaco after the count's death.
26 April 1289
Mamluk Sultan Qala'un captures Tripoli after a 2 month siege.
1307 to 1309
Saif ad-din Esendemir Kurgi, Arab Governor, improves castle.
Commanders of the Knights Hospitaliers in Tripoli:
Trimond (1192), Bernard d'Avignon (1031), Raymond de Perigord (1198),
Guillaume de Tinieres (1216), Robert de Corson (1236), Jean de Ronai (1241),
Clement (1248), Pierre d'Avignon (1254), Renaud de Nanteuil (1266 to 1269),
Nicolas Lorgne (1275 to 1277), and Jean de Villiers (1277).