Three sets of aqueducts at Abila were discovered and mapped by Michael Fuller. He used a Suunto compass and metric tape to measure the passageways.






Portion of the mapping for the Umm el Amad aqueduct.






Craig holds a lantern inside the aqueduct where the passageway turns as a result of two portions that joined.






Lower portion of the Umm el Amad aqueduct that was repaired by large ashlar blocks of stone.






Greek inscription in red paint on plaster inside the Umm el Amad aqueduct.






Copy of the Greek inscription from the Umm el Amad aqueduct.






Ain Quilibeh (Spring of Abila) during 1980 with the orchard immediately below the outflow of the spring. All of the water of the spring was carried underground through the Umm el Amad aqueduct during the Roman Period.






Ain Quilibeh (Spring of Abila) encased in concrete with a concrete channel in 1980.