Abila - Tomb H-1 / Q-19

Plan of tomb H-1(American numbering system) / Q-19 (French numbering system) showing individual numbered loculi and sump pit.

Map from the 1980 survey of Abila showing the painted chamber and its connection to the tomb with a Greek inscription (Tomb H-1 in the American survey and Q-19 in the French survey). The tomb with the inscription chamber (lower level) was excavated during the 1982 field season of the American team studying Abila.


Clay oil lamp discovered during the 1980 survey season of tomb H-1 in the Southeast chamber of the tomb.


Sketch of a raised relief figure and Greek inscription on the east wall of the lower chamber.


Raised relief figure on the south wall of the lower chamber. Scale is 50 cm.


Greek inscription to the right of the raised relief figure on the south wall of the lower chamber. An intepretation of the inscription during 1960 suggests that it is a funerary text praying for mercy upon the dead and dated to 47 BC (Fuller 1987:267).


Raised relief on the ceiling of the tomb. My tentative impression during 1980 was that this figure was winged and carried a trumpet or spear. It is still visible during the summer of 2014. I am still uncertain exactly what the figure represents.


Small statuette of limestone excavated during the tomb H-1 salvage by the American team in 1982.


Oil lamp excavated during the tomb H-1 salvage by the American team in 1982 (Fuller 1987:Figure x).

Barbet, Alix
1994 Les peintures des nécropoles romaines d'Abila et du nord de la Jordanie. P. Geuthner, Paris.

Fuller, Michael J.
1987 Abila of the Decapolis : a Roman-Byzantine city in Transjordan. Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Anthopology dissertation.
Webpage created 21 July 2014