Abila - Tomb L-13 / Q-16

Roman tomb L-13 (American numbering system) / Q - 16 (French numbering system) is remarkable for the carved decorations over its entrance. Barbet (1994) refers to it as Tombeau a la Façade Sculptée. The ink drawings is from my dissertation (Fuller 1987:Figure 173).

The tomb had been robbed and left open for decades/centuries. It was excavated by the American archaeological mission to Abila; it contained oil lamps of which 80% were Roman (2nd to 3rd century) and 20% were Early Byzantine (4th to 5th centuries). Human bones indicate a minimum number of individuals = 93. These include fetal to new borns (11 individuals), new borns to 6 months (17 individuals), 6 months to 18 months (9 individuals), 9 months to 3 years (4 individuals), 3 to 5 years old (4 individuals), 5 to 10 years old (7 individuals), 10 to 16 years gold (9 individuals), 16 to 25 years old (11 individuals), 25 to 35 years old (5 individuals), 35 to 45 years old (5 individuals), over 45 years old (1 individual), and undetermined adult (10 individuals).

Broken Roman funerary bust from grave 5 in tomb L-13 at Abila, Jordan .

Broken Roman funerary bust from grave 5 in tomb L-13 at Abila, Jordan.

Roman clay oil lamp from Tomb L-13 at Abila, Jordan.

Roman clay oil lamp from Tomb L-13 at Abila, Jordan.

Top plan of Tomb L-13 at Abila, Jordan.
Barbet, Alix
1994 Les peintures des nécropoles romaines d'Abila et du nord de la Jordanie. P. Geuthner, Paris.

Fuller, Michael J.
1987 Abila of the Decapolis : a Roman-Byzantine city in Transjordan. Washington University in St. Louis, Department of Anthopology dissertation.

Webpage created 21 July 2014
Updated 28 April 2017