Abila Tomb K-1 Artifacts

The salvage excavation of Tomb K-1 was directed by Dr. John Davis during the 1984 field season; overall work at Abila was under the responsibility of Dr. W. Harold Mare. Tomb H-6 had been robbed, but still very significant. It is unfortunate the the artifact assemblage from the tomb did not include any coins for numismatic dating.


Two glass unguentaria. Abila 84, Tomb K-1, locus 37. A = Large, bell-shaped, candlstick unguentarium; light bluish green glass. Max. width = 6.4 cm. Volume approximately 60 ml. Weight = 46.5 grams. Typical of 2nd to 3rd century glass. B = Reconstructed, bell-shaped candlestick unguentarium with an in-folded rim and flattened rim. Light green glass; height = 21.3 cm, width = 6.9 cm, and volume of approximately 600 ml. Weight 42.7 grams. Typical 2nd to 3rd century AD glass.



Glass Unguentarium Abila 84, Tomb K-1, locus 37. A) Bell-shaped, long neck with in-folded and flattened rim. Light green glass. Height = 15.9 cm, width = 4.7 cm, volume approximately 18 ml. Weight = 23 grams. B) Tomb K-1, Reg. no. 38.

Glass Unguentarium Abila 84, Tomb K-1, Locus 1037.

Roman and Byzantine lamps in situ in a loculus. A84, Tomb K-1. Image from a contact sheet print. Scale is 25 cm.

Roman and Byzantine lamps in situ in a loculus. A84, Tomb K-1. Image from a contact sheet print. Scale is 25 cm.

Roman/Byzantine cooking pot. A84, Tomb K-1.

Roman pottery bowls. A84, Tomb K-1. A) locus 1042, reg. no. 31. Light red core (2.5YR6/8), Brown to Dark Brown (7.5YR4/2) thin slip in interior and exterior. B) locus 1002, reg. no. 43. Reddish Yellow core (5YR7/6) and Red (2.5YR4/8) interior and exterior slip.

Roman pottery bowl Abila 1984, Tomb K-1. locus 1042, reg. no. 31. Light red core (2.5YR6/8), Brown to Dark Brown (7.5YR4/2) thin slip in interior and exterior.

Roman pottery bowl Abila 1984, Tomb K-1. locus 1042, reg. no. 31. Light red core (2.5YR6/8), Brown to Dark Brown (7.5YR4/2) thin slip in interior and exterior.

Roman pottery bowl Abila 1984, Tomb K-1. locus 1042, reg. no. 31. Light red core (2.5YR6/8), Brown to Dark Brown (7.5YR4/2) thin slip in interior and exterior.

Roman pottery bowl Abila 1984, Tomb K-1, reg. locus 1002, reg. no. 43. Reddish Yellow core (5YR7/6) and Red (2.5YR4/8) interior and exterior slip.

Circular lamp with discus decorations (Fuller 1987:Figure 102b) from Tomb K-1, loci 1048, 1984 excavation season.

Circular lamp with discus decoration of flowers in a krater (Fuller 1987:Figure 102a) from Tomb K-1, locus 1042, 1984 excavation season.


Roman oil lamp with erotic decoration. A84, Tomb K-1 (Fuller 1987:Figure 103a).

Two oil lamps. A84, Tomb K-1. A) Locus 1010, reg. no. 28. B) locus 1016, reg. no. 6.

Roman oil lamps. A84, Tomb K-1. Locus 1016 reg. no. 30.

Two oil lamps. A84, Tomb K-1. A) Locus 1007, reg. no. 7, B) Locus 1007, reg. no. 173.

Two oil lamps. A84, Tomb K-1. A) Locus 1002, reg. no. 24. B) Locus 1016, reg. no. 29.

Seven adult skulls - Roman/Byzantine Period. A84, Tomb K-1, Locus 07, Pottery bag no. 20. Rim height = 6.4 cm.



Thank you to Dr. David Chapman (Convenant Theological Seminary, St. Louis) and Dr. David Villa (John Brown University) for permission to document to work with the artifacts and records from the Abila Project. Special thanks to Cheryl Eaton to helping locate the relevant artifacts and records. A nod of appreciation and gratitude to Neathery Fuller for his excellent records and careful excavation of the tomb K-1.
Webpage created 9 March 2017
Updated 12 March 2017