This webpage presents a small selection of coins minted in Antioch. Professor Stefan Heidemann (Universität Hamburg) provided the images and measurements on three Islamic coins that were minted in Antakya. Many to Wayne G. Sayles and members of the Ancient Coin Study Group of St. Louis (Chip Vaughn, Michael Godier, and David Murrey) for providing access to examples of Crusader, and Byzantine coins that were minted in Antioch.


RAYMOND ROUPEN: AD 1216 - 1219. Silver denier minted in Antioch. Weight = 0.8 grams and diameter of 17.2 mm. Helmeted head of king in chain-maille armor, crescent and star to sides, + RVPINV / Cross patee, crescent in quadrant, + ANTIOCNIA. [CCS-93.]

BOHEMOND IV: AD 1201 - 1216. Silver denier minted in Antioch. Weight = 1.0 grams and diameter of 16.5 mm. Helmeted head of king in chain-maille armor, crescent and star to sides, + BOHMVNDVS / Cross patee, crescent in quadrant, + ANTIOCHIA.

BOHEMOND: III AD 1163 - 1187. Silver denier minted in Antioch. Weight = 1.0 grams and diameter of 17.2 mm. Helmeted head of king in chain-maille armor, crescent and star to sides, + BOHMVNDVS / Cross patee, crescent in quadrant, + ANTIOCHIA.

ROGER OF SALERNO AD 1112 - 1119. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Weight = 5.7 grams and dimensions are 22.7 x 24.1 mm. Obverse shows St. George on horseback and Reverse celebrates "Rex Roger Prince of Antioch". [CCS-9.]

ROGER OF SALERNO AD 1112 - 1119. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Weight = 1.9 grams and 21.0 mm in diameter. Obverse shows the Virgin Mary. Reverse translates as "Lord Help Your Servant Roger". [CCS-8.]

TANCRED: AD 1104 - 1112. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Weight = 3.2 grams and dimensions are 19.7 x 20.4 mm. Obverse shows St. Peter nimbate (a halo surrounding the head) and holding the cross in his left hand. The reverse ΚΕΒΟΙ / ΘΗΤΟΔV / ΛΟCVΤ /[ ΑΝΚΡI] translates "Lord Help Your Servant Tancred." [ Metcalf 49; CCS-3a.]


TANCRED: AD 1104 - 1112. Copper coin minted in Antioch. Obverse shows Christ imbatee. The reverse show a slender cross with TA NK PH. [ reverse is CCS-5 while obverse follows CCS-2.].


TANCRED: AD 1104 - 1112. Copper coin minted in Antioch. Weight = 2.5 grams and diameter = 21.0 x 19.1 mm. Obverse shows St. Peter and the reverse show a slender cross [originally with TA NK PH].


FAKHR AL-MULK RADWAN: AD 1095–1113. Copper fals minted in Antakiya for the Seljuq ruler in Syria. Weight = 3.47 grams. Obverse shows an elephant walking to the right with the sun above and a symbol (leaf/flower) to the left of the sun. Mitchiner 889 - 891 and Hennequin 223. [With permission of Professor Stefan Heidemann, Universität Hamburg, Jena University, Oriental Coin Cabinet, inv. no. 376-C07].

AL-MUQTADIR BI-ALLAH: AD 908 to 932. Silver dirhem minted in Antakiya for the Abbasid caliph. Weight = 2.97 grams and diameter = 24 mm. [With permission of Professor Stefan Heidemann, Universität Hamburg, Jena University, Oriental Coin Cabinet, inv. no. 324-B04]


KHUMARAWAYH IBN AHMAD IBN TULUN: AD 883 - 895. Gold dinar minted in Antakiya for the Tulunid ruler of Egypt and Syria. Weight = 4.42 grams and diameter = 23 mm. [With permission of Professor Stefan Heidemann, Universität Hamburg, photo archive, no. SB 05546 (priv. coll.)]


PHOCAS AD 602 - 610. Copper follis minted in Antioch. The regnal year is given as VI = AD 607/8. Obverse has Phocas holding a globus cruciger (Latin, "cross-bearing orb") and Leontia holding a cruciform scepter transversely. A cross is situated between the heads of Phocas and Leontia. ON FOCA next to Phocas and NEPE[AV] next to Leontia. Reverse has an "m" with cross above, ANNO and THEUP in the exergue. Theoupolis "City of God" which was the name assigned to coins minted in Antioch after the earthquake of AD 528). Weight = 9.4 grams and diameter 24.3 x 26.5 mm. DO 88.1. [With permission of Chip Vaughn, Independent Scholar].



MAURICE TIBERIUS AD 578 - 602. Copper decanummium minted in Antioch. The regnal year is given as XIIIII = AD 596 - 597; the use of five "I" suggests an reuse of a die engraved X IIII. Obverse has bust facing in consular robes and crown with trofoil ornament; the right hand holds the mappa and the left hand holds an scepter topped with an eagle. The obverse inscription is blundered but probably was meant to be D N MAV[RC]. Reverse has an "I" with cross above, ANNO along the left margin and THEUP in the exergue. Weight = 2.8 grams and diameter = 17.5 x 16.w mm. DO 207. [With permission of Chip Vaughn, Independent Scholar].


MAURICE TIBERIUS AD 578 - 602. Copper half follis minted in Antioch. Weight 6.0 grams and diameter 22.5 mm. The regnal year is given as V = AD 586 - 587. Obverse has bust facing in consular robes and crown with trofoil ornament; the right hand holds the mappa and the left hand holds an scepter topped with an eagle. The obverse inscription is blundered but most likely meant to be [DM ]TIV CONSTAN P[P AVI]. Reverse has large X X with pellet between, beneath p, ANNO along the left margin and and V along the right margin. Weight = 2.8 grams and diameter = 17.5 x 16.w mm. DO 177 .


MAURICE TIBERIUS AD 578 - 602. Copper follis minted in Antioch. The regnal year is given as V = AD 586 - 587. Weight = 14.2 grams and diameter = 32.0 mm. Obverse has bust facing in consular robes and crown with trofoil ornament; the right hand holds the mappa and the left hand holds an scepter topped with an eagle. The obverse inscription is a garbled version of DM TIb CONSTAN PP AVI. Reverse has an m with cross above, ANNO to left and THEUP in the exergue. DO156.1 .


MAURICE TIBERIUS AD 578 - 602. Copper follis minted in Antioch. The regnal year is given as XX = AD 601 - 602. Weight = 10.1 grams and diameter =27.1 x 25.5 mm. . Obverse has bust facing in consular robes and crown with trofoil ornament; the right hand holds the mappa and the left hand holds an scepter topped with an eagle. The obverse inscription probably D N MA[VRC]. Reverse has an M with cross above and E below, ANNO to left and THEUP in the exergue. DO 172c.2


JUSTIN II: AD 565 - 578. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Regal year is VII (AD 571 - 572); the mint name is given as THEUP' (Theoupolis = "City of God"). Diameter = 30.6 mm and weight = 13.06 grams. Obverse shows Justin and Sophia seated facing on double throne, both nimbate, they hold between them a globe surmounted by a large cross, both hold a long scepter. Reverse with a large M surmounted by cross; to the left ANNO [DO 152]


JUSTIN II: AD 565 - 578. Copper decanummium (1/4 follis) minted in Antioch. Regal year is XI (AD 575 - 576); the mint name is given as THEUP (Theoupolis = "City of God"). Diameter = 20.1 mm and weight = 3.4 grams. Obverse shows Justin and Sophia enthroned with cross between heads; blundered inscription [DNIVSTI N]VSP[PAVC]. Reverse with a large I surmounted by cross; to the left ANNO [DO 182]


JUSTIN II: AD 565 - 578. Copper nummia / half follis minted in Antioch. Regal year is IIV (AD 571 - 572); the mint name is given as P (Theoupolis = "City of God"). Diameter = 23.4 mm and weight = 6.7 grams. Obverse shows Justin and Sophia enthroned with cross between heads; blundered inscription [DNIVSTI NVSP PAVC]. Reverse with a large K surmounted by cross; to the left ANNO [DO 167b.2]


JUSTINIAN: AD 527 - 565. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Regal year is not given but assumed to be between AD 529 and 533); the mint name is given as +THEUP (Theoupolis = "City of God"). Diameter = 32.5 mm and weight = 14.33 grams. Obverse shows Justinian I enthroned, facing, diademed with right hand leans on long scepter; DNIV[ST]INI [ANVSPP AVC]. Reverse with a Large M between a large * and (worn) crescent, cross above. Beneath the M is D. [DO 206d]


JUSTINIAN: AD 527 - 565. Copper follis minted in Antioch. Regal year is given as XIII (AD 539 to 540) - the date is partially worn; the mint name is given as THVPO (Theoupolis = "City of God"). Diameter = 39.4 mm and weight = 20.9 grams. Obverse shows Justinian I helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and long sceptre, cross to right; DNIVSINI ANVSPP AVC. Reverse with a Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right. Beneath the M is c. [DO 215c]


JUSTINIAN: AD 527 - 565. Copper follis (class F) minted in Antioch . The regnal year is given as XXXVII (AD 564 - 5); the mint name is given as THEUP (Theoupolis = "City of God" which was the name assigned to Antioch after the earthquake of AD 528) Weight = 19.0 grams and 32.2 by 33.3 mm in size. Obverse shows Justinian I helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding cross on globe and long sceptre, cross to right; reverse with a Large M, ANNO to left, cross above, regnal year to right. [DO 233b]


JUSTINIAN I: AD 527 - 565. Copper decanummium minted in Antioch. The regnal year is given as XXIIII (AD 550 - 551); the mint name is given as THEUP (Theoupolis = "City of God" which was the name assigned to Antioch after the earthquake of AD 528) Weight = 4.6 grams and diameter 21.1 x 19.1 mm. DO 254[With permission of Chip Vaughn, Independent scholar.]


JUSTINIAN I: AD 533-7. Copper nummia / half follis minted in Antioch. Diademed bust of Justinian right / Large K, THEU within arms of cross to left. DO 211d. [With permission of Wayne G. Sayles, Independent Scholar]


JUSTINIAN I: AD 527-65. Copper pentanummium minted in Antioch. Weight = 1.8 grams and measures 11.3 x 12.0 mm. Obverse, diademed bust of Justinian right ]NVST[. Reverse, the Tyche of Antioch seated left in her shrine, before her is a reversed epsilon. Sear 240. [With permission of Michael Godier, Independent Scholar]


JUSTINIAN I: AD 527-65. Copper pentanummium minted in Antioch. Weight = 1.6 grams and measures 10.7 x 11.4 mm. Obverse, worn blank. Reverse, the Tyche of Antioch seated left, before her is a reversed epsilon. Sear 240 and DO 205. [With permission of Michael Godier, Independent Scholar]

CCS = Coins of the Crusader States (1994) by Alex G. Malloy, Irene Fraley Preston and Arthur J. Seltman.

DO = Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Vol. 1 (1966) by Alfred R. Bellinger and Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, Vol. 2.1 by Philip Grierson (1968).

Hennequin = Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes: Les Salguqs et Leurs Successeurs (1985)

Metcalf = Coinage of the Crusades and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford (1995) by D. M. Metcalf.

Mitchiner = The World of Islam (1977).

Webpage constructed 4 May 2015

Updated 20 August 2017