A small selection of the clay oil lamps excavated by the Princeton Univerity Archaeological Expedition to Antioch and curated in the Princeton Art Museum.



Lamp with the representation of a dancing manaed on the discus that was excavated in area S-I7-F, trench 8, surface. Reg. no. a 1185 - L693. The artifact registration card gives the date of 5/8/37 = August 5, 1937. Length = 10 cm, width = 7 cm and thickness = 3 cm (from registration card). Published in Antioch on-the-Orontes, vol. 3, page 64, Plate 77, no. 40b.103. The description of this lamp suggests that it dates to the Tiberian Period (AD 14 - 37). [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum.]

Lamp with the representation of a Hercules slaying the Hydra on the discus. From excavation area S-I7-F, trial trench 3, room 2. Reg. no. a 1181 - L691. Dated 5-8-37 = August 5, 1937. Published in Antioch on-the-Orontes, Volume 3, page 63, Plate 77, no. 39b.98. The published description of this lamp notes that it probably dates from the second quarter of the 1st century AD (AD 35 to 50). The artifact card notes found in late B. [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum.]

Lamp with the representation of two wrestlers on the discus that was excavated in area S-19-J/K, excavation 3, room 3 (reservoir) to 6 m. Reg. no. b 436 - L755. Date of 31/5/38 = May 31. 1938. Length = 7.3 cm, width = 6 cm and height = 2.5 cm (from artifact registration card). Published in Antioch on-the-Orontes, vol. 3, page 64, Plate 87, lamp no. 3. [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum]. The artifact registration card also says N.25/35,2.



Fragment of a clay oil lamp with the representation of a putto on the discus from excavation unit 26-O/P-DH sub 1 at Antioch. Reg. no. 5822 - L498. Published in Antioch on-the-Orontes, vol. 3, page 64, Plate 87 lamp no. 19. [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum.]

Fragment of a clay oil lamp with the representation of a Jewish menorah on the discus. From excavation Area 14 - R, trench 4 over burned stratum walls. Associated with one Late Roman C sherd, one Late Roman A sherd and several Late Roman B and earlier red varnished (slipped) sherds. Length = 47.1 mm, width = 42.4 mm, thickness = 3.3 mm and weight = 6.5 grams. Reg. no. b60 - 4723. [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum.]



Fragment of a clay oil lamp with the representation of Athena on the discus. Length = 60.4 mm, width = 37.8mm, thickness = 3.2 mm and weight = 9.1 grams. Reg. no. 5109 - L373. Pubished in Antioch on-the-Orontes, vol. 3, page 64, plate 87, lamp no. 6. [Study collection of the Princeton Art Museum.]

Roman lamp with erotic design of three individuals on the discus of the lamp. Length = 8.8 cm, width = 7.4 cm and height = 2.2 cm. Three Greek letters are inscribed within two concentric circles on the bottom of the lamp. From excavation Area 14 - R, trench 4 found over a brick pavement. Reg. no. b59 - L722. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Unusual Roman lamp with fitted lid discovered in a sealed context under the floor of the pool in excavation unit I6 - P. Length = 11 cm, width = 6 cm, height = 4.8 cm, and diameter of lid = 3.5 cm. Reg. no. a777 - L643. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Molded clay oil lamp with decoration on the discus (wreath of oak leaves and acorns) from House 1 on Street E in excavation unit S-17-F during the 1937 field season at Antioch. Length = 9.7 cm, width = 6.8 cm, and height = 2.4 cm. Reg. no. a1224 - L699. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).


Moldmade clay oil lamp from excavation area DH-27-0 during the 1938 field season at Antioch. The artifact inventory card dates this lamp from the 1st century BC through the 2nd century AD. The inventory card describes the decoration as a band of leaf clusters (on the shoulder) and a herring bone pattern on the handle. Length = 8.8 cm, width = 4.8 cm and thickness = 3 cm. Reg. no. b292-L737.(Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Moldmade clay oil lamp excavated from 0 to 1.0 meters above the pavement in the north half of Trench 6 in excavation unit 13-R during the 1938 field season at Antioch. Length = 9.3 cm, width = 6.8 cm and thickness = 3.5 cm. The artifact inventory card associates this lamp with the Early Byzantine time Period, BUT the inventory card also notes that it was found in association with a Medieval oil lamp. This lamp closely resembling the oil lamps from the Area 9 monastery at Tell Tuneinir, Syria. The parallel lamps at Tuneinir dated to the Abbasid Calphate (Medieval Period). Reg. no. b217 - L735. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).


Early Byzantine lamp from the east part of room 3 at Narlidja during the 1938 excavation season at Antioch. The area between the fill hole and nozzle is decorated with a cross and x design. This lamp was found in associated with Late Roman C pottery sherds. Length = 11 cm, width = 6.9 cm and thickness = 4.6 cm. Reg. no. b173 - L733. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Moldmade lamp discovered in the canal vaulted with pottery slabes look south in excavation unit S-19-G during the 1937 fieldseason at Antioch. Length = 10 cm, width = 6.5 cm and thickness = 3.5 cm. Reg. no. a1358 - L716. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).


Roman lamp from the canal vaulted with pottery slabs, looking South, in excavation unit S-19-G during the 1937 field season at Antioch. The discus decoration may be the radiate pattern of Sol Invinctus. The back of the lamp has the same maker's mark as the erotic lamp (Reg. no. b59 - L722). Length = 8.2 cm, width = 7 cm, and thickness = 2.3 cm. Reg. no. a1357 - L715. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).



Roman lamp from the back dirt dump in excavation area S-17-F during the 1937 field season at Antioch. The raised design on the discus appears to be a horse and two individuals. Length = 8.8 cm, width = 6.5 cm and thickness = 2.5 cm. Reg. no. a1355 - L714. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Roman lamp with missing handle from outside the big wall in excavation unit S-19-G during the 1937 fiedl season at Antioch. Traces of decoration appear to be stylized clusters of grapes. Length = 7.8 cm, width = 5.8 cm and thickness = 2.5 cm. Reg. no. a1338 - L710. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Late Roman/Byzantine lamp from North Trench 1 (the extension above the mosaic pavement) in excavation unit 13-R during the 1937 field season at Antioch. . The design pattern on the top of the lamp is of a cross; the artifact inventory card indicates that a cross also decorates the base of the lamp.. Length = 6 cm, width = 3.7 cm and thickness = 2.5 cm. Reg. no. a1325 - L705. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Roman moldmade oil lamp wih the design decoration of Nike holding a shield. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Roman moldmade oil lamp wih the design of a figure, an altar and animals (possibly Orpheus?). Reg no. 1860? (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Half of a Roman moldmade oil lamp from trial trench 1 in excavation area S-20-K during the 1937 field season at Antioch. Found in a context of Hellenistic and Early Roman pottery. Maximum diameter = 6 cm. Reg no. a1179-L690. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from the seal deposit under the floor of the pool near the kiln in excavation area 16-P during the 1937 field season at Antioch. Found in a context of Hellenistic and Early Roman pottery. The lamp was originally fitted with a hinged lid, but it is missing. Length = 12 cm, width = 8.7 cm and thickness = 4.8 cm. Reg no. a780-L647. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from Antioch. The lamp still retains its hinged lid. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade clay oil lamp from the surface in excavation unit S-19-J during the 1938 field season at Antioch. Maximum diameter = 6.5 cm. Reg. no. b680 - L799. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from the surface over the stoa in excavation unit S-18-J during the 1938 field season at Antioch. Length = 7.5 cm, width = 7.3 cm and thickness = 2.5 cm. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Fragment of an Early Roman oil lamp from sub room 02 in excavation unit DH-20-0 during the 1938 field season at Antioch. The artifact inventory card notes that the discus is decorated with an erotic scene. True. Reg no. b625 - L773. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Fragment of an Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from room 3 of excavation 3 (reservoir to 6 m.) in excavation unit S-19-J/K during the 1938 field season at Antioch. The artifact inventory card has notes that one interpretation of the design is of Victoria. Maximum diameter = 5.5 cm. Reg. no. b437 - L756. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from Antioch. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Early Roman moldmade oil lamp from in the soil fill above the mosaics in C 300 area of excavation unit DH-27-0 during the 1938 expedition to Antioch. The artifact inventory card suggested that the raised relief decoration on the discus of the lamp may be eros holding a bow. Length = 8 cm, width = 7 cm, and thickness = 2.2 cm. Reg. no. b171 - L744. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Byzantine moldmade clay oil lamp from the backdirt dump in Narlidja during the 1938 expedition to Antioch. Length = 9 cm, width = 8 cm and thickness = 4.6 cm. Reg. no. b286-L738 (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Two lamps from Antioch. No. 39a:96 shows two gladiators; published in Antioch on-the-Orontes, vol. 3, page 64, plate 77, lamp no. 39a.96. The text concerning the gladiator lamp speculates that it dates from the time of Augustus (27 BC - AD 14). (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Three fragmentary clay oil lamps from Antioch. Lamp no. 33 is decorated with the design of the medussa. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Lamps from the lamp deposit in Bath E, Sector 7 at Antioch. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Lamps from the lamp deposit in Bath E, Sector 7 at Antioch. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Lamps from Antioch published in Figure 79.(Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Lamps from Antioch published in Figure 78. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).

Byzantine and Medieval saucer lamps from Antioch published in Figure 81. (Committee for the Excavation of Antioch-on-the-Orontes 1932-1939, Department of Art and Archaeology, Princeton University).
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Webpage updated 18 November 2015