Area I - Bronze Age


The gray beds in the deepest loci of excavation unit 60 belong to the Ninevite V period. The gray color is the result of parching wheat and barley.



Incised Ninevite V rimsherd from Area 1, Square 61, Locus 19. This fragment of a bowl was discovered in 1994.
Click Here to see examples of Ninevite V incised & Ninevite V painted sherds.

Two intact Early Bronze pottery vessels discovere by a farmer (Hassan Diab) cultivating his fields approximately 200 ft. north of Area 1. We suspect that the pottery vessels were buried as grave offerings, but no bone matter was preserved.


Excavation squares along the north edge of the mound in Area 1. These excavation units were taken to sterile subsoil and were supervised by Dr. Horace Hummel.

Clay figurine fragments of sheep, goat, horse and wagons were found in the 3rd millennium deposits. This broken clay figurine of an equid (possibly a horse) was found in Square 61 locus 019 by Dr. Horace Hummel.


Clay token from the 3rd millennium deposits in the shape of an astragulus bone.


Clay token from the 3rd millennium deposits in the shape of a robe (Arabic, thoob).



Portion of three adult human skulls were found ritually buried in a mudbrick lined cyst within the 3rd millennium deposits in Area 1. We interpret the skulls as offering bowls.

This broken clay wheel to a miniature cart or wagon was found in Square 61, locus 019 by Dr. Horace Hummel.


Flint sickle blades are very common in the 3rd millennium deposits in Area 1.

Sharpened bone awl from square 62, locus 25.

Chert cores from the Bronze Age layers.
Click Here to see enlarged images of several flint blades from Area 1.

Flint sickle blade from Square 61, locus 22.



Drilled dog tooth made into a necklace pendant during the 3rd millennium. Discovered in Square 61, locus 016 by Dr. Horace Hummel. Faunal identification made by Missy Loyet.


Four examples of bone tools discovered during the 1994 excavation season. Animal bone from the third millennium deposits consist almost entirely of domesticated animal bones (sheep, goat, equids, cattle) and a handful of gazelle bones. Sheep and goat were by far the most intensely utilized animals during the third millennium. Domesticated pig remains have not been identified in the Area I bone sample.


Pottery sieve from Square 22, locus 34.


Rimsherds of two large jars.


Nuzi painted ware sherd found in locus 122046. A handful of Nuzi ware sherds have been discovered mixed in the Iron Age fill at Tuneinir. This sherd finds parallels with examples from Nuzi and Tell Fekheriyye (Cecchini 1965:sherd 228). Several examples of small footed goblets with button bases have been recovered with the Iron Age sherds in loci 110034, 121038, and 122031. These find parallels with Late Bronze Age (end of 2nd millennium BC) examples from Nuzi (Temples E-A and Stratum II), Tell Billa (Stratum 3), and Tell Brak.


Two Khabur Ware painted sherds from locus 122052 (left) and 111035 (right). This ware type is generally associated with the Late Bronze Age occupation of the Khabur River Valley. These sherds find parallels with examples from Tell Brak and Tell Mozan. They were found in Middle Assyrian loci at Tuneinir and were probably admixed with the later sherds as a result of Iron Age construction activities.


Fragment of a decorated ivory pen from Locus 107030, discovered during summer 1987.
This artifact was discovered in a fill deposit from the Roman Period, but it resembles
ivory artifacts from teh end of the second millennium at Hama in Syria.

Workmen standing on the Late Bronze Age/Mitanni wall of Tuneinir. Photograph taken from the high West Baulk facing eastward. The walls in the foreground belong to the Neo-Assyrian Period based upon associated pottery forms and a radiocarbon date Beta-135584 of 1040 to 800 BC from Area 1 from ash lens against heavy mudbrick wall. The radiocarbon sample was from goat/sheep bone with -18.8 o/oo for C12/C13


Wheat fields and herds of sheep around Area 1 in 2001.




Webpage migrated 2 April 2008
Webpage updated 3 December 2010