Area 1 - Iron Age

Neo-Assyrian mudbrick wall with charcoal lens adjacent. A C-14 sample was dated from the layer against the wall. Calibrated C-14 date of 1040 to 800 BC with -18.8 o/oo for C12/C13 level.

Elizabeth Alesi supervised the excavation of a cyst grave discovered in the layer directly beneath the Parthian building foundations. The burial in locus 124025 consisted of a large storage jar and smaller pot that were placed mouth to mouth to form the coffin. This style of burial is identical to burials discovered at Tell Bweid (downstream approximately 4 km. from Tuneinir) by Dr. Antoine Sulieman from the Aleppo Museum. The burials at Tell Bweid were definitely from the Neo-Assyrian Period; the jar burial in locus 124025 may be Neo-Assyrian. We have not excluded the possibility that the burial is from the Persian Period.

The skeletal remains belong to a child that was between 18 and 24 months of age at the time of death. The age estimation was based upon femur length, tibia length, fibula length, number of teeth, and extent of dentition ossification. No evidence of trauma or disease was evident. The skeleton rested on its left side with the head towards the east and the face turned towards the south.

Rim and middle section of the storage jar that was used for a child burial in Square 25, locus 24.

The only artifacts found with the cyst burial (locus 124025) were 13 beads that were directly associated with the cervical vertebrae of the child. The small beads included examples of carnelian, glass, copper, marine shell, bone and ceramic. One small blue bead may be lapis lazuli, but its small size precludes total confidence with this identification.

Updated 24 June 2005
Migrated 2 April 2008