Area I - Islamic occupation


Ayyubid Period (13th century AD) Blue and Black glaze bowl from Area 1, Square 15, Locus 22;
discovered during the 1989 field season.


Uncleaned, worn Late Byzantine copper coin
Probably a Class 4 follis of Constans II (AD 641 - 668)
Best parallel is a follis minted in Constantinople (Grierson 66b3).
Area 1, Square 2, Locus 27. 1989 field season, metal registry number 118.

Uncleaned Ayyubid copper coin
Minted in Aleppo during the rule of oAl Zahir Ghazi, AH 582 - 613 / AD 1186 - 1216 (Balog 664)
Area 1, Square 11, Locus 03. 1989 field season, metal registry number 121.

Robert Smith records Ilkanid (14th century) house walls and a tannur (Arabic, bread oven)
discovered close to the surface at the summit of the tell in Square 1 during the 1987 season.


A well preserved Ayyubid Period house destroyed in ca. AD 1260; first exposed in the 1987 field season.
The white plastered walls of a kitchen preserved a plaster pot rest and the outlines for wooden cabinets
against the south wall of the kitchen. Dating of the building was based upon copper coins, pottery sherds,
and lamps.


Mudbrick steps on the east side of the Area 1 Ayyubid house demonstrate that the house
was a two story building.


Red painted design on a piece of Ayyubid Period wall plaster that had slumped onto the floor.
The meaning of the design is unclear though I may symbolize a shield.


Judy Herzog stands on a bulk between squares 3 and 4 during the early weeks of the 1987 field season.
An Ayyubid Period plaster floor surface (locus 8) is visible in the profile.


Islamic loci in association with an Ayyubid Period mudbrick walls in excavation unit 5.


Robert Smith measures an intrusive burial at the summit of the tell in Area 1.


Intrusive Islamic burial within the Ayyubid strata. The burial was probably of a bedouin
from the Ottoman Period occupation of Tuneinir.


Intrusive Islamic burial within the Ayyubid strata


Ayyubid Period (13th century AD) green glaze bowl from Area 1, Square 33, Locus 32, pottery registration number 8369. The rim diameter is 20.0 cm and the height is 9.5 cm. Exterior color (not covered by glaze) is 10R6/3 (Pale Red) and core color is 10R6/3 (Pale Red).



Drawing of the green glaze bowl from Area 1, Square 33, Locus 32, pottery registration number 8369. The base of the bowl shows the clear signs of two out of three arms of a kiln spacer.


Drawing of a stamped Sassanian (AD 224 - 651) sherd found during the cleanup of Area 1, Square 25. Pottery registration number 7943.

Uncleaned copper coin of Kutb al-din Muhammad (AH 594 - 616 / AD 1197 - 1219) from Area 1

Ayyubid Period (13th century AD) glass sherd with calligraphic inscription. Discovered in
Square 15, locus 13 during the 1989 season.


Fragment of jewelry found in Square 17, locus 04 during 1989 field season.


Iron knife found in Square 13, locus 05 during 1989 field season.


Basalt grinding stone found in Square 20, locus 09 during 1993 field season.


Unglazed pottery vessel with combed decoration found in Square 27, locus 40.


Unglazed pottery bodysherd with two incised designs (Greek letters?); discovered in Square 28, locus 14.


Blue and black glazed pottery bodysherd from Area 1, Square 33, Locus 17, pottery registration number 8334.


Drawing of the Blue and black glazed pottery bodysherd. It was discovered during the 1999 field season at an elevation of 297.96 meters above sea level. The pottery sherd was glazed on both the interior and exterior; the color of the core is 7.5YR8/4 (pink).


Metal artifacts from the first season of excavation during .


Plan of the Ayyubid Period house excavated during the 1987 and 1988 field seasons.

Click here to see 10 Islamic Period sherds


Updated 2 April 2008
Migrated 2 April 2008
Updated 3 October 2011