Area I - Roman and Byzantine


Roman oil lamp found on the ground surface in Area 1, the North tip of the mound. Length = 6.7 cm, width = 5.3 cm, height = 2.3 cm and weight = 45.3 grams. Exterior color is pink (7.5YR7/4). Reg. no. 240TNR89. Pottery reg. no. 1777.





Moldmade 4th-5th century clay oil lamp from Area 1, Square 26, locus 02; special object registry number 4633. Discovered by Michael Fuller. The molded design of the lamp closely parallels Late Roman examples from Dura Europos. The lamp measures 90.3 mm in length and 71.7 mm in width. Weight is 57 grams.





Moldmade lamp with three nozzles discovered during the 1995 field season by Michael Fuller. From Area 1, Square 26, Locus 02. Length 94.0 mm, width 72.0 mm and weight of 109.0 grams. Special object registry 4633.


Lustral pottery basin with applied snake designs discovered during the 1995 field season. From Area 1, Square 26, Locus 03; pottery registration number 4665. Interior and core color = 7.5YR7/4; exterior color = 5YR6/4. Diameter estimate = 60 cm, height = 20.5 cm, and average thickness 2.5 cm. Found in the locus directly below the 4th century lamps and coins.


Chip Clatto excavating a pottery vessel with damaged rim during the 1997 field season. From Area 1, Square 20, Locus 22; pottery registration number 6480. Interior and exterior color = 7.5YR8/4 (pink); core color = 7.5YR7/4 (pink). Maximum body diameter = 22 cm, height (broken) = 28 cm, and average thickness 0.7 cm.


Complex of Late Roman / Byzantine walls discovered near the surface in Area 1 during the 1988 fieldseason.


Light green ware jar or pitcher with the design of a cross painted in red just beneath a broken handle attachment. Found in the context of Late Roman artifacts (sherds and 4th century coins). This sherd was discovered by Rian Thum.


Another artifact, possibly associated with Christians at Tuneinir, is a burnt fragment of polished marble that resembles marble altars found at various Late Roman/Early Byzantine sites in Syria, It resembles the altar at the church of St. Serge in Maalula, dated to the 4th century AD.


Early Christian moldmade clay oil lamp fragment found in Area 1. A Christian saint is shown riding on horseback and holding a cross in his right hand. He holds either a shield or a loaf of communion bread in his left hand.


Iron arrowhead discovered in Square 27, locus 59.


Coppper coin from Square 25, locus 11, registration number 1261TNR95. The coin was found 40 cm. beneath a Byzantine Plaster floor. The coin measures 24.5 mm in diameter and weighs 4.7 grams. The reverse of the the coin is inscribed VIRTUS EXERCITI ("Courage of the Army). The coin is an issue of Philip I (AD 244 - 249).
Copper coin from Square 26, locus 01, registration no. 1265TNR95. The coin was found 30 cm beneath the surface. The coin measures 17.4 mm in diameter and weighs 1.7 grams. The obverse of the coin reads CONSTANTINUS INV NOBC and the mint mark on reverse reads CONST which indicates that this coin of Constantinus II was minted between 337 and 361.

Copper coin measures from Square 26, locus 02, registration no. 1267TNR95. The coin measures 16.3 mm in diameter and weighs 1.2 grams. The reverse shows two Roman soldiers on either side of a Roman legion banner. The coin was mintd for Constans during AD 337 to 350.

Copper Roman coin discovered in Area 1, Square 27, Locus 30. It was minted during reign of Constantine II (337-340) in Antioch.


Copper coin of Constantine from Square 25, locus 11.


Copper coin of Constantine from Square 27, locus 59.


Copper Roman coin from Square 27, locus 35.

Updated 24 June 2005
Migrated 2 April 2008
Updated 11 January 2016