23SA128 - Fisher-Gabbert Site

The Fisher-Gabbert Site, is situated in the Big Bend region of the Missouri River Valley. The pottery and stone tools from the site belong to the technological/artistic tradition that is described as "Hopewell."


..............Click here to see digital images of the stone tools .........................Click here to see digital images of the pottery



The site was partially excavated during 1970. The soil at the site is stained dark by organic refuse. A total of 18 circular pits were defined by the block excavation of a series of 2 x 2 meter squares. A number of uncalibrated radiocarbon date for the site include AD 130 +/-250 (N-1049), AD 320 +/-100 (N-1050), AD 320 +/-100 (N-1051), AD 390 +/-100 (N-1052), AD 310 +/-100 (N-1053), AD 490 +/- 105 (N-1054).

Animal bones from the excavation include bison, dog, coyote, beaver, plains pocket gopher, striped skunk, prairie meadow mouse, white tailed deer, raccoon, fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, eastern chipmunk, gray fox and red fox. Bird bones identified from the excavation include cooper's hawk, pintail, swifts, heron, goose, turkey, and prairie chicken. Plant remains recovered during excavation include copperleaf, amaranth, ragweed, hackberry, chenopod, spurge, rough pennyroyal, smartweed, purslance, sumac, beak-rush, blackberry/raspberry, stinking elder, false Solomon's seal, verbana, squash berry and grape. Nut fragments were recovered in the flotation samples but not identified. It is possible that the marsh elder (Iva annum), wormwood (Chenopodium ambrosiodes) and amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) were cultigens and not wild, gathered seeds. A indeterminate seed of chenopod "could" be Chenopodium berlanderi.




Bibliography

Chapman, Carl
1980 The Archaeology of Missouri, II. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

Kay, Marvin
1979 On the Periphery: Hopewell Settlement of Central Missouri. Hopewell Archaeology. Kent State University Press.
1980 The Central Missouri Hopewell Subsistence-Settlement system. Missouri Archaeological Society Research Series15.

Kay, Marvin and Alfred E. Johnson
1977 Havana Tradition Chronology of Central Missouri. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 2(2):195-217.

McKinney, Joe J.
1954 Hopewell Sites in the Big Bend Area of Central Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 16(1):1-54.

Robinson, Sarah
1976 An Analysis of charred seeds from a Middle Woodland occupation site in Central Missouri. Hopewellian Archaeology in the Lower Missouri Valley. Edited by Alfred E. Johnson, University of Kansas.

 

Special thanks to Candace Sall, Curation Specialist, American Archaeology Division for her assistance in researching the curated archaeological collections of the University of Missouri - Columbia. The images reproduced at this website were graciously provided by the American Archaeology Division (AAD) Museum and Missouri Archaeological Society. A warm thanks to Neathery Batsell Fuller for her advice on the content of the webpage.


Webpage constructed 14 November 2005