Herrell Site, Jv55

The Herrell Site (Jefferson County, MO) was studied by Robert McCormick Adams (1941; 1949:10 - 31) as part of a WPA (Work Projects Administration) investigation. The artifacts from the site date to the Mississippian Period.



Plan of the excavation areas and houses found at the Herrell site. Green colorized areas were unexcavated.



Photograph of House Feature 84 which was abandoned when burials 5 and 6 cut the west wall trench of the house. Photograph taken looking North, Herrell Site.



Plan of postmolds and pit features in House Feature 41, Herrell Site.



Refuse in a fire basin (hearth).



Refuse in a depressed floor house, Herrell Site.



Clay and sherd lined fire basin (hearth), Herrell Site.



Wall line feature 108. "Maybe" - a wall dividing the village into two sectors?.



A) Burial feature 5. B) Pottery, shell beads, a bone tool (specimen), and an engraved shell found as grave offerings in the Herrell Site. Adams identified the shell as a mussell (local freshwater) though the design would be more commonly found on a conch shell gorget. Adams identified the design pattern as the eye-in-hand motif. Chapman (1980:Figure 6-12o) illustrated the gorget in an assemblage of artifact belonging to the Saline phase. According to Chapman's scaled drawing, the gorget measures approximately 13.6 by 5.5 cm. These dimensions seem unreasonable large for a Missouri freshwater mussel, but are very reasonable for a conch shell gorget.



Pottery from the Herrell site including two bird effigy rim effigy bowl (specimens 4 and 5). Specimen 4 may be the effigy of a Pileated Woodpecker while Specimen 5 more closely resembles a duck effigy.



Pottery from the Herrell site including a shell tempered cooking pot (specimen 1), a red-slipped Tippets Bean Pot handle (specimen 2) and hooded water bottle (specimen 3).



Incised designs on the iside of plate rims found at the Herrell Site. Designs 1 and 2 can be interpreted as Wells Incised ware that would indicate a date of approximately AD 1200 - 1400. That date fites other diagnostic artifacts such as the Tippets Bean Pot, and hooded water bottle.



Artifacts from the Herrell site including bone and shell tools.



Large pottery vessel found in situ next to a cooking hearth, Herrell Site.



Artifacts from the Herrell site including bone and shell tools.



Shell tempered bodysherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collections at Matodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Three chert waste flakes collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Cordmarked bodysherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Mussel shell collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Mussel shell collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Mussel shell collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Deer teeth collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Two bodysherds collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Shell tempered rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Shell tempered bodysherd with incised decoration collected from the Herrell village site during the 1980s. In the study collection at Mastodon State Park in Kimmswick, MO.



Salt pan ware bodysherd collected from the Herrell village site during the 1940s. In the Anthropology Department collection at Washington University in St. Louis. Collected by Adams from Feature 142, sherd 7. Weight = 176.2 grams and thickness = 11.8 mm.



Salt pan ware bodysherd collected from the Herrell village site during the 1940s. In the Anthropology Department collection at Washington University in St. Louis. Collected by Adams from Feature 107, sherd 3. Weight = 143.6 grams and thickness = 14.8 mm.



Salt pan bodysherd collected from the Herrell village site during the 1940s. In the Anthropology Department collection at Washington University in St. Louis. Collected by Adams from Feature 142, sherd 1. Thickness = 15.6 mm.



Salt pan ware bodysherds collected from the Herrell village site during the 1940s. In the Anthropology Department collection at Washington University in St. Louis. Collected by Adams from Feature 105, sherd T. Thickness = 15.6 mm.



Salt pan ware rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Pottery rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams in Pit 115, sherd number 4.



Bodysherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams in Pit 825, sherd number 33.



Red slipped body sherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams in Pit 237, sherd number 23.



Rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams in Pit 876, sherd number 35.



Rimsherd to a large pottery vessel collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams in Pit 41, sherd numbers 666,667, and 1214.



Rimsherd of a bowl with incised decoration collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Rimsherd of a bowl with incised decoration collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Rimsherd of a bowl with incised decoration collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Rimsherd and handle collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Black slipped (exterior) rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Broken handle to a Tippett's beaker collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Body sherd with firing clouds collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.



Rimsherd collected from the Herrell site during the 1940s. In the collections of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield. Collected by Adams.


Adams, Robert McCormick
1941 Archaeological Investigations in Jefferson County, Missouri: 1939 - 1940. Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis 30(5).
1949 Archaeological Investigations in Jefferson County, Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 11(3 and 4)

Chapman, Carl H.
1980 The Archaeology of Missouri, II University of Missouri Press, Columbia .


Thanks to Professors David Browman and John Kelley for permission to document a sample of the artifacts from the Herrell Site in the Washington University collection; special thanks to Neathery Fuller for helping photograph and measure the artifacts stored at WU. Thanks to Eric Smith for helping photograph and measure the Herrell Site artifacts in the study collection at Mastodon State Park. Thanks to the curators of the Illinois State Museum for allowing me to document some of the sherds in their colelction.


Webpage constructed 26 April 2011 by Michael Fuller
Webpage updated 4 October 2016