King Cave (23CN1)

King Cave (23CN1) was excavated and published by Lee M. Adams, an amateur archaeologist and trustee of the Missouri Archaeological Society. His research at the cave was published in the Missouri Archaeologist (Adams 1958); he received the "MAS Achievement Award" in 1957 in honor of his careful research.

This site is situated on private property and it is not open to the public. The stone tools he uncovered are typical of the Archaic Period (7000 - 1000 BC) and Woodland Period (1000 BC - AD 900) in the Ozarks region of Missouri. Adams (1958:189) reports excavating 11 grit tempered pottery sherds typical of the Late Woodland Period (AD 500 - 900) and 2 shell tempered pottery sherds typical of the Mississippi Period (AD 900 to 1400). He also noted the presence of animal bones including bison, bear, deer, raccoon, turkey, tortoise, mussels, small animals and birds.



Plan of King Cave published by Adams (1958:Figure 100). Adams made careful plans, controlled his excavation by a grid system, and published his results with detailed drawings; his work is praiseworthy.



Profile of King Cave published by Adams (1958:Figure 101a).



Profile of King Cave published by Adams (1958:Figure 101b).



Profile of King Cave published by Adams (1958:Figure 102).



Broken projectile points excavated from King Cave and published by Adams (1958:203)



Bone tools and a broken stone gorget (out of steatite) excavated from King Cave and published by Adams (1958:Figure 104).



Projectile point preform excavated from King Cave by Adams (1958). Registration number 3462. This artifact weighs 17.9 grams. Length = 58.6 mm, width = 35.3 mm, and thickness = 8.3 mm.



Projectile point excavated from King Cave by Adams (1958). Registration number 4142. This artifact weighs 11.3 grams. Length = 53.2 mm, width = 33.1 mm, and thickness = 7.1 mm.

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Many thanks to Stephen Burks, a member of both the Missouri Archaeological Society and the Central States Archaeological Society, for making the artifacts from King Cave available to me for study.


Bibliography

Adams, Lee M.
1958 Archaeological Investigations in Southwestern Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 20.

Webpage constructed 24 March 2018