The Leary Site is an archaeological site located in the southeast corner of Nebraska.




Worked bone tool. Weight 1.0 grams. Size 4.4 x 0.7 x 0.4 cm.







Slotted bone tool. Size 4.8 x 1.5 x 0.3 cm.







Large shell modified by cutting the beak. Weight 6.1 grams. Size 3.9 x 3.8 cm.







Medium shell modified by cutting the beak. Weight 5.4 grams. Size 3.9 x 3.5 cm.







Small shell modified by cutting the beak. Weight 4.5 grams. Size 3.9 x 3.5 cm.







Fragment of shell - possibly from a marine conch. Weight 1.1 grams. Size 2.1 x 1.2 cm.







Seed beads manufactured from shell. Combined weight = 0.2 grams. Diameter of each bead is 3 mm. The long bead measuares 8 mm. The two shorter beads measure 3 mm. in length.




Click here to see a small sample of pottery from the Leary Site

Click here to see a small sample of stone tools from the Leary Site

Click here to see a Catlinite artifacts from the Leary Site




Michael Fisher, President Emeritus of the Missouri Archaeological Society, carefully recorded surface finds from the site during the period 1960 through 1980. Prof. Michael Fuller (St. Louis Community College) studied a small portion of his collection during June of 2004.

The 150 acre village site and has been proposed as an ancestral village to the Oto tribe. On the otherhand, Dorsey reports that "when the [Pawnee] people were first put on earth they were placed near what is now Nemaha, Nebraska." Today, the site is owned and protected by the Iowa tribe. They do not allow visitors to the site.

Lewis and Clark visited the abandoned village during the journey upriver. A few contact era trade items have been discovered at the site. The site is located near the modern city of St. Joseph, MO.

References:

Dorsey, George
1997 Pawnee Mythology. Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. (reprint of an older edition)

Hill, A. T. and Waldo Wedel
1936 Excavations at the Leary Indian Village and Burial Site, Richardson Counnty, Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine 17(1): 3-73.

Strong, William Duncan
1935 An Introduction to Nebraska Archaeology. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 93(10):41.

Waldo, Wedel
1959 An Introduction to Kansas Archaeology. BAE 174:98- 171.

Webpage created 1 September 2004