23CP1 - Mellor Site

The Mellor Site, is a Middle Woodland Period village situated on a terrace in the Lamine River locality of the Missouri River Valley. The pottery and stone tools from the site belong to the technological/artistic tradition that is described as "Hopewell." The site was placed on the National Register of Historic sites during 1974.


.........Click here to see digital images of the figurines ......................Click here to see digital images of the pottery

The site was surface surveyed in 1970 and investigated by Marvin Kay using a series of 9 test trenches. The is located on private property and is not open to the public. The Mellor site is listed on the National Register of Historic Sites. Uncalibrated radiocarbon dates for the site include AD 185 +/- 50 (WISC-703), AD 270 +/- 45 (WISC-703), AD 230 +/-50 (WISC-707), AD 395 +/- 60 (WISC-770), AD 355+/-60 (WISC-771), AD 220 +/- 60 (WISC-60), AD 245 +/-60 (WISC-773). Exotic artifacts found at the site include mica and marine shell beads.

Animal bones recovered from the excavation include bison, short-tailed shrew, canid (dog or coyote), beaver, elk, opposum, plains pocket gopher, river otter, bobcat, woodchuck, mouse, weasel, white-tailed deer, muskrat, raccoon, fox squirrel, cottontail rabbit, and eastern chipmcuk. Fish bones include bass, small mouth bass, large mouth bass, redhorse, golden shiner, white bass, freshwater drum, gizzard shad, goldeye, northern hogsucker, catfish, channel catfish, buffalo, smallmouth buffalo, largemouth buffalo, gar, green sunfish, and bluegill. Bird bones include green wing teal, blue wing teal, ring neck duck, redtail hawk, turkey, trumpeter swan, prairie chicken, shoveller, eastern king bird, and barn owl. Plant remains recovered from the excavation include pawpaw, hickory, hackberry, chenopod, hazelnut, walnut/butternut, plum, rose, and grape. It is possible that the chenopod (Chenopodium sp.) were cultivated and not gathered wild.

Bibliography

Chapman, Carl
1980 The Archaeology of Missouri, II. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

Kay, Marvin
1979 On the Periphery: Hopewell Settlement of Central Missouri. Hopewell Archaeology. Kent State University Press.
1980 The Central Missouri Hopewell Subsistence-Settlement system. Missouri Archaeological Society Research Series 15.

Kay, Marvin and Alfred E. Johnson
1977 Havana Tradition Chronology of Central Missouri. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 2(2):195-217.

 

Special thanks to Candace Sall, Curation Specialist, American Archaeology Division for her assistance in researching the curated archaeological collections of the University of Missouri - Columbia. The images reproduced at this website were graciously provided by the American Archaeology Division (AAD) Museum and Missouri Archaeological Society. Links to this page are welcome. Please do not copy or link to the individual images. A warm thanks to Neathery Batsell Fuller for her advice on the content of the webpage.


Webpage constructed 12 November 2005