Miller's Cave (23PU2) was excavated by Gerard Fowke during 1918 to 1919. He published his results as a portion of Bulletin 76, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology in 1922. Several of the black and white photographs from the report have been digitally scanned, sharpened, and included in this report.







Skull of a child from Miller's Cave. Fowke reported that this skull (without the mandible) and only a few fragments of the lower skeleton were found mixed among shells, charcoal, ash, and burnt bones in the midden of the site. He interpreted these human remains as evidence of cannibalism.







Skull of a young child found near the rear of the cave. The child was buried as an extended burial on her back.








Ribs of the skull of the young child found near the rear of the cave plus an adult tibia - all show evidence of disease. Fowke realized that the bones were modified by disease, but paleopathological studies were not advanced in 1919 to make an identification. Several diseases are possible including syphilis or tuberculosis.







Skull identified by Fowke as a young woman between 20 and 25 years of age. He reported that the burial was flexed, on her right side with her head towards the east. The "near perfect" condition of the skeleton and the shallow depth of burial would suggest that the burial was made during the Mississippi Period or Historic Period. The photograph shows a prognathic face that is very robust.





Fowke, Gerald
1922 Archaeological Investigations. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 76.