Big Sandy Point
Chapman (1975:250) notes that Big Sandy points are found in all regions of Missouri. The diagnostic feature of this artifact is the fact that it is a medium-sized, side-notched point. Chapman notes that length ranges from 45 to 90 mm; thickness is typically 6 to 8 mm. DeRegnaucourt (1991:131 - 135) notes that this artifact type is found throughout Ohio and Indiana; he summarizes measurements from twentysix specimens: Length = 31 to 90 mm, width = 22 to 37 mm, thickness = 4 to 10 mm and weight = 5.0 to 29.6 grams. Bell (1960:8) notes that it appears as early as 5000 BC but becomes more common from 3500 to 1200 BC. Sandstrom and Ray (2004:44) prefer the designation as "White River" for this point type and cite radiocarbon dates of 4240 BC +/- 50, 4230 BC +/- 55 and 4150 BC +/- 50 from the Hogan Creek site (23TA601).
Big Sandy point from Graham Cave.
Bell, Robert E.
1960 Guide to the identification of certain American Indian Projectile Points, 2. Oklahoma Anthropological Society.
1975 The Archaeology of Missouri, I. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.
1991 A Field Guide to the Prehistoric Point Types of Indiana and Ohio. Upper Miami Valley Archaeological Research Museum, Ansonia, Ohio.
Sandstrom, Carl B., and Jack H. Ray
2004 A Point Identification Guide for Southwest Missouri. Ozarks Chapter of the Missouri Archaeological Society, Springfield.
Webpage constructed17 February 2013