Smith Basal Notched Point

Chapman (1975:256) notes that Smith Basal Notched points are found throughout Missouri. The diagnostic feature of this medium to large bladed artifact is the fact that the notched extends upwards from the base. Chapman notes that length ranges from 60 to 150 mm; thickness is typically 8 mm to 10 mm. DeRegnaucourt (1991:140 - 144) prefers the term "Eva" basal notched for this point type; he notes that this artifact type was found at the Eva site in Tennessee where a radiocarbon date of 5200 BC +/- 500 was associated with the points. Overall, Smith Basal Notched points are rare in the Ohio and Indiana. DeRegaucourt summarizes measurements from seventeen specimens: Length = 23 to 69 mm, width = 23 to 45 mm, thickness = 5 to 11 mm and weight = 4.0 to 18.5 grams. The difference in length for specimens east versus west of the Mississippi River might suggest Eva points are not the same type as Smith Basal Notched points. Morrow (1984:90) notes that Smith Basal Notched points are rather rare in Iowa. Chapman estimates the age of this tool type from 5000 to 1000 BC. Sandstrom and Ray (2004:16 - 17) note that there are three radiocarbon dates associated with Smith points in the Missouri: 2020 BC +/- 60 from the Bohon Site, 2710 BC +/- 70 from 23CN758, and between 2450 to 1850 BC at the Big Eddy Site (23CE426).

Smith Basal Notched point from the Prospect Spring site (23GR711).
Chapman, Carl
1975 The Archaeology of Missouri, I. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

DeRegnaucourt, Tony
1991 A Field Guide to the Prehistoric Point Types of Indiana and Ohio. Upper Miami Valley Archaeological Research Museum, Ansonia, Ohio.

Morrow, Toby
1984 Iowa Projectile Points. Office of the Iowa State Archaeologist, Iowa City.

Sandstrom, Carl B., and Jack H. Ray
2004 A Point Identification Guide for Southwest Missouri. Ozarks Chapter of the Missouri Archaeological Society, Springfield.

Webpage constructed 17 February 2013

Updated 5 March 2013