Stone Square Stemmed Point

Chapman (1975:256) notes that Stone Square Stemmed points are found in Southwest and Northeast Missouri; the type site was flooded by the construction of Table Rock Reservoir. It is a medium to long bladed artifact with a straight stem. Chapman notes that length ranges from 50 to 130 mm; thickness is typically 8 mm to 12 mm. DeRegnaucourt (1991:171 - 172) illustrates similar/identical artifacts and classifies them as the Genesee point type; he notes that this artifact type is rare in the Ohio and Indiana. DeRegaucourt summarizes measurements from four specimens: Length = 59 to 62 mm, width = 28 to 31 mm, thickness = 9 to 19 mm and weight = 13.8 to 16.6 grams. The difference in length for specimens, east versus west of the Mississippi River, might suggest Genesse points are not the same type as Stone Square Stemmed points. Morrow (1984:90) notes that Stone Square Stemmed points are occasionally found in eastern Iowa. Chapman estimates the age of this tool type from 5000 to 1000 BC. Sandstrom and Ray (2004:11) did not recognize this point type in their study.

Stone Square Stemmed point from the Hayden site (23SL36).
Chapman, Carl
1975 The Archaeology of Missouri, I. University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

DeRegnaucourt, Tony
1991 A Field Guide to the Prehistoric Point Types of Indiana and Ohio. Upper Miami Valley Archaeological Research Museum, Ansonia, Ohio.

Morrow, Toby
1984 Iowa Projectile Points. Office of the Iowa State Archaeologist, Iowa City.

Sandstrom, Carl B., and Jack H. Ray
2004 A Point Identification Guide for Southwest Missouri. Ozarks Chapter of the Missouri Archaeological Society, Springfield.
Webpage constructed 4 February 2013