Orwood Bluff (23MD10)

Orwood Bluff shelter (23MD10) was excavated and published by Lee M. Adams, an amateur archaeologist and trustee of the Missouri Archaeological Society. His research at the cave was published in the Missouri Archaeologist (Adams 1958); he received the "MAS Achievement Award" in 1957 in honor of his careful research.

This site is situated on private property and it is not open to the public. The stone tools he uncovered are typical of the Archaic Period (7000 - 1000 BC) and Woodland Period (1000 BC - AD 900) in the Ozarks region of Missouri. Adams (1958:153) reports excavating 2 grit tempered pottery sherds typical of the Late Woodland Period (AD 500 - 900) and 12 shell tempered pottery sherds typical of the Mississippi Period (AD 900 to 1400).



Plan of Orwood Bluff shelter published by Adams (1958:Figure 80a). Adams made careful plans, controlled his excavation by a grid system, and published his results with detailed drawings; his work is praiseworthy.



Profile of Orwood Bluff shelter published by Adams (1958:Figure 80b).



Broken projectile points excavated from Orwood Bluff shelter and published by Adams (1958:Figure 81)



Projectile points, scrapers and a decorated pottery sherd excavated from Orwood Bluff shelter and published by Adams (1958:Figure 82)



Pottery sherds excavated from Orwood Bluff shelter and published by Adams (1958:Figure 83). Sherd no. 1 is grit tempered with thumbnail decoration while sherds 5, 7, and 8 are examples of shell tempered vessels. Rimsherd 5 has a incised lines on its exterior.



Projectile point excavated from Orwood Bluff shelter by Adams (1958). Registration number 5024. This artifact weighs 9.1 grams. Length = 46.5 mm, width = 30.0 mm, and thickness = 7.7 mm.

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Many thanks to Stephen Burks, a member of both the Missouri Archaeological Society and the Central States Archaeological Society, for making the artifacts from Orwood Bluff shelter available to me for study.


Bibliography

Adams, Lee M.
1958 Archaeological Investigations in Southwestern Missouri. Missouri Archaeologist 20.

Webpage constructed 24 March 2018