Roman mosaic from St. Romain-en-Gal

3rd century AD mosaic of the agricultural scenes and the seasons from the Gallo-Roman site located 30 kilometers south of Lyon. I took these photographs at the National Archaeological Museum of France in Saint German-en-Laye.


Mosaic of a man and women making offerings (wine and grain?) at an open air shrine. The deity of the shrine is shown holding a flaming torch and wheel - the celtic god Taranis who was equated by the Romans with Zeus. The man and woman making the offering hold red ribbons that may have been either fillet removed from their hair or belts.



A mosaic of two vineyard workers harvesting large clusters of red grapes and placing them in a woven basket or shallow basin.



Mosaic of a field being plowed with oxen. A barefoot, worker, dressed in a Exomis (a short tunic) guides the plow with his left hand and steers two oxen with his right hand. A second man sews a handful of grain with the right hand; the grain is in a flat basket held by his left hand.



Mosaic of a woman goading a blindfolded donkey that powers a basalt mill used to grind flour.



Mosaic of a baker using a peel (a shovel-like tool used to slide loaves of bread and other baked goods into and out of an oven). A round loaf is cooling on the table in front of the oven. The baker wears a short tunic. A partridge may be prowling around in the lower right corner of the mosaic.



Mosaic of two men grafting (either trees or grape vines).

 

French website on the mosaics includes many more scenes



Webpage constructed 27 April 2015