Three anvils used by blacksmiths to forge iron tools (Kolchin 1985:Figure 92). The Medieval anvils
were smaller than modern blacksmith anvils; they were anchored by hammering the pointed
end of the anvile into a tree stump.
Anvil - Russian, наковальня///
Macedonian, .... ...
Anvil illustrated by Sedov (1982; Figure 65.7).
Anvil illustrated by Dovzhenok (1966).
14th century wall painting from Bulgaria showing blacksmiths using a pump bellows, tongs, and a small anvil (Moutafov 1992:Figure 44).
Dovzhenok, Vasyl Iosypovych
1966 Drevnoruske misto Voïn. Naukova dumka, Kiev. [in Russian]
Kolchin, B. A.
1985 Archaeology of the USSR: city, castle, village. Institute of Archaeology, Moscow. [in Russian]
1992 The Art of Healing in Bulgarian Icon Painting. Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. [in Bulgarian)
Sedov, Valentin Vasil'evich
1982 Vostochnye slavi͡ane v VI-XIII vv.. Moscow. [in Russian]
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Webpage updated 21 February 2010