Horse bits dating from the 9th to 13th centuries from various sites in Russia (Kochin 1985: Figure 145).

Horse Bit -Russian, Лошадь разрядные/// Belarusian, Конь-разрадны/// Bulgarian, чума по-малко/// Polish, nieco konia/// Czech, koně bit/// Slovak, kone bit/// Serbian, коњ-битни/// Croatian, prezga/// Macedonian, Коњот малку [Konjot malku]

Meeting between the military units who protect the Czar of Kiev and the tribes on the border. An illumination from the the Radziwiłł Chronicle (Sakharov 1980).

Horse bit illustrated by Dovzhenok (1966).
Dovzhenok, Vasyl Iosypovych
1966 Drevnoruske misto Voïn. Naukova dumka, Kiev. [in Russian]

Kolchin, B. A.
1985 Archaeology of the USSR: city, castle, village. Institute of Archaeology, Moscow. [in Russian]

Sakharov, Andrei Nikolaevich
1980 Diplomatiia drevnei Rusi : IX-pervaia polovina X v. Moscow, Msyl. [in Russian]
Website constructed 19 November 2009
Updated 13 February 2010