Pectoral cross (also called an Encolpion) in the Bitola Museum, Republic of Macedonia.

Pectoral Cross - Russian, Грудные крестов [Grudnye krestov]//// Belarusian, Грудныя крыжоў [Hrudnyya kryzhoŭ]//// Bulgarian, Гръден кръстове [Grŭden krŭstove/]/// Polish, Biegus krzyże//// Czech, Prsní kříže//// Slovak, Prsné kríža//// Serbian, Груди крстови [Grudi krstov]//// Croatian, Prsni križevi//// Macedonian, Пекторален крстови [Pektoralen krstovi]

Pectoral cross dating from the 11 to 13th centuries in the Novgorod Archaeological Museum, Russia

12th century pectoral cross out of brass with images of Boris and Gleb, illustated by Rybakov (1971: Figure 102).

13th century pectoral cross illustrated by Rybakov (1971:Figure 99). The central figure is the Virgin Mary (with her hands upraised) and Christ seated in her lap. To the left is Peter, to the right is Paul, and above is St. Nicholas. This encolpion is in the Russian State Museum.

Pectoral cross from Bulgarian

Pectoral cross from Romania with representations of Christ and Mary.

Pectoral cross from Romania.

Pectoral crosses from Romania (Spinei 1992:Figure 4).
Rybakov, B. A.
1971 Russian applied art of the tenth-thirteenth centuries. Aurora Art Publishers, Leningrad. [in Russian and English]

Spinei, Victor
1992 Circulatia unor piese de cult in regiunile Romanesti Nord-Dunarene in secolele X - XVII. Arheologia Moldovei 15 [in Romanian with French summary]
Website constructed 19 November 2009
Updated 21 February 2010