Islamic Art and Archaeology Ideas


Last Update: 11 January 2003

http://new-campuscgi.princeton.edu/~scg/dept/art/230/reg.f00.shtml Princeton Class: ART 230 Early Islamic Art and Architecture TTh 10:00-10:50 McCormick 106 Professor Leisten Description/Objectives: A survey of art in the Islamic world from 600 through 1200 CE. The course examines the formation of Islamic art and its roots in the art of Late Antiquity. Emphasis will be made on the development of various types of religious and secular architecture and their decoration (wall-painting, carved stucco and wood, mosaic and epigraphy) in the central regions of the early Islamic world. Topics as textiles, metalwork and ceramics will be considered as well.

Student Course Guide Fall 2000 Art and Archaeology 230 Course Offerings *ART 230/NES 230 Early Islamic Art and Architecture (LA) Professor: T. F. Leisten Description/Objectives: A survey of art in the Islamic world from 600 through 1200 CE. The course examines the formation of Islamic art and its roots in the art of Late Antiquity. Emphasis will be made on the development of various types of religious and secular architecture and their decoration (wall-painting, carved stucco and wood, mosaic and epigraphy) in the central regions of the early Islamic world. Topics as textiles, metalwork and ceramics will be considered as well. Sample Reading List: Burckhart, Art of Islam, London (1976) Creswell, Early Muslim Arch. vol I 1932-Vol II 1979-Vol I,II Oxford Creswell, Altan, A Short Account of Early Islamic Architecture (1989) London Dodd, Khairallah, The Image of the Word: Study of Ouranic Verses in Islamic Hillenbrand, Islamic Architecture (Edinburgh, 1994) Ettinghausen, Grabar, The Art and Arch.of Islam 650-1250-New York Reading/Writing Assignments: Reading list, (cont.) Hill and Grabar, Islamic Arch. and its Decoration A.D. 800-1500 (1967) London; Hourani,Stern (eds) (1970) The Islamic City, Oxford; Hoag, J. Islamic Arch. (1970) Milan/NY; Kuban, Muslim Religious Arch. (1977-1979) vol.I-II Leiden; Michell (ed) Architecture of the Islamic World (1978) London. Requirements/Grading: Midterm Exam 20% Take Home Final Exam 40% Class/Precepts Participation 10% Paper(s) 30% Other Information: For department majors, satisfies medieval distribution requirement. Schedule: (add to schedule) Lecture 1.0: 12:30-1:20 MW Precept 1.0: 2:30-3:20 M Precept 2.0: 9:00-9:50 T Precept 3.0: 12:30-1:20 T




SOAS Class entitled Mosaics, manuscripts and wall paintings in Islamic art Dr. Anna Contadini : Undergraduate Course Units Mosaics, manuscripts and wall paintings in Islamic art Dr. Anna Contadini The course is broadly concerned with painting from the Islamic lands, from the early mosaic cycles to wall paintings, book and Qur'anic illumination and miniature painting. The period concerned is from the 7th to the 14th century and both Arab and Persian painting will be studied. For mosaic and wall painting the relationship with the architecture they decorate will be investigated, and both classical and oriental sources will be examined. The course includes visits to London Museum collections, such as those of the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Library. Bibliography History   C.E. Bosworth, The Islamic Dynasties, Edinburgh, 1967 The Cambridge History of Islam, 2 vols., Cambridge, 1970 A. Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, London, 1991 H. Kennedy, The Early Abbasid Caliphate, London, 1981 F.E. Peters, A Reader on Classical Islam, Princeton, 1994 J.M. Rogers, The Spread of Islam, Oxford, 1976     Iconoclasm and Aniconism   T.W. Arnold, Painting in Islam, Oxford, 1928 (reprinted by Dover 1965), Chapter1 K.A.C. Creswell, “The lawfulness of painting in early Islam”, Ars Islamica, XI-XII, 1946, pp. 159-66 B. FarŹs, “Philosophie et Jurisprudence Illustrées par les Arabes - La querelle des images en Islam”, Mélanges Louis Massignon, Damascus, 1957, pp. 77-109 G.R.D. King, “Islam, Iconoclasm and the Declaration of Doctrine”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. XLVIII, 1985, pp. 267-77     General   T.W. Arnold, Painting in Islam, Oxford, 1928 (reprinted by Dover 1965) T.W. Arnold and A. Grohmann, The Islamic Book, Pegasus Press, 1929 R. Ettinghausen and O. Grabar, The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250, Yale University Press (Pelican History of Art), 1987 S. Blair and J. Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam 1250-1800, Yale University Press (Pelican History of Art), 1994 M. Chaudhury, “The technique of Preparing Writing-Materials in Early India, with Special Reference to al-Biruni’s Observations”, Islamic Culture, 58, 1974, pp. 33-38. G. Curatola (ed.), Ereditą dell'Islam - Arte Islamica in Italia, Milan, 1993 J. Dodds (ed.), Al-Andalus - The Art of Islamic Spain, New York, 1992 A. Farooqi, “Pigments and Materials Used in Indian and Persian Miniatures”, Islamic Culture, 51/1, 1977, pp. 11-19 O. Grabar, Studies in Medieval Islamic Art, London, 1976 E.J. Grube, Muslim Miniature Paintings from the 13th to 19th Century from Collections in the United States and Canada, Venice, 1962 E.J. Grube, The World of Islam, London, 1966 E. Grube, Studies in Islamic Painting, London, Pindar Press, 1995 D. James, Islamic Masterpieces of the Chester Beatty Library, London, 1981 G. Lowry, A Jeweler's Eye - Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection, Washington, 1988 Y.A. Petrosian (ed.), Pages of Perfection - Islamic paintings and Calligraphy from the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Milan, 1995 Qadi Ahmad, Calligraphers and Painters, transl. by V. Minorsky, Washington, 1959 R. Pinder-Wilson, Studies in Islamic Art, London, Variorum, 1985 A.U. Pope and P. Ackermann (eds.), A Survey of Persian Art, 8 vols., Oxford, 1938-39 (and later editions) Y. Porter, Painters, Paintings and Books. An Essay on Indo-Persian Technical Literature, 12-19th centuries, New Delhi, 1994 B.W. Robinson (ed.), The Keir Collection - Islamic Painting and the Arts of the Book, London, 1976     Bibliographies   Various volumes by K.A.C. Creswell on Bibliographies of Architecture, Decorative Arts and Miniature Painting (look up in the library under Creswell, K.A.C.) Index Islamicus, (London), issued quarterly; it lists periodical literature on all aspects of Islamic studies since 1906; books have also been included since about 1975     Mosaics and Wall Painting   M. Almagro et al., Qusayr Amra, Madrid, 1975 M. van Berchem, “The Mosaics of the Dome of the Rock at Jerusalem and the Great Mosque at Damascus”, in K.A.C. Creswell (ed.), Early Muslim Architecture, vol. 1, Oxford, 1932, pp. 149-252 D. Behrens-Abouseif, “The Lion-Gazelle Mosaic at Khirbat al-Mafjar”, Muqarnas, vol. 14, 1997, pp. 11-18 K.A.C. Creswell, A Short Account of Early Muslim Architecture, Revised and Supplemented by J.W. Allan, Aldershot, 1989 J.D. Dodds, “The Great Mosque of Cordoba”, Al-Andalus - The Art of Islamic Spain, New York, 1992, pp. 11-25 R. Ettinghausen, Arab Painting, Geneva, 1962, Chapter 1. R.W. Hamilton, Khirbat al-Mafjar, Oxford, 1959 R. Hamilton, Walid and His Friends - An Umayyad Tragedy, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, vol. VI, 1988 O. Grabar, “The Umayyad Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem”, Ars Orientalis, vol. 3, pp. 33-62, 1959 O. Grabar et al., City in the Desert - Qasr al-Hayr East, 2 vols., Cambridge Mass., 1978 O. Grabar, “The Painting of the Six Kings at Qusayr Amra”, Ars Orientalis, vol. 1, 1954, pp. 185-87 R. Hillenbrand, Islamic Architecture, Edinburgh, 1994 U. Monneret de Villard, Le Pitture Musulmane al Soffitto della Cappella Palatina in Palermo, Rome, 1950 S. Nuseibeh and O. Grabar, The Dome of the Rock, London, 1996 J. Raby and J. Johns (eds), Bayt al-Maqdis - Abd al-Malik’s Jerusalem, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, IX, 1992 N. Rabbat, “The Meaning of the Umayyad Dome of the Rock”, Muqarnas, vol. 6, 1989, pp. 12- D.S. Rice, “Deacon or Drink: Some Paintings from Samarra re-examined”, Arabica, vol. 5, 1958, pp. 15-33 M. Rosen-Ayalon, The Early Islamic Monuments of al-Haram al-Sharif: an iconographic study, QEDEM 28, Monoghraphs of the Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1989 E. Savage-Smith, “The Islamic Tradition of Celestial Mapping”, Asian Art, vol. V, no. 4, 1992, pp. 5-27 F. Saxl, “The Zodiac of Qusayr Amra”, in K.A.C. Creswell, Early Muslim Architecture, vol. 1, Oxford, 1932, pp. 338-50   Sources   M. Bussagli, Painting in Central Asia, Geneva (Skira), 1963 D. Collon, Ancient Near Eastern Art, London, 1995 R. Ettinghausen, From Byzantium to Sasanian Iran and the Islamic World: three modes of artistic influence, Leiden, 1972 P.O. Harper, The Royal Hunter: art of the Sasanian Empire, 1978 A.U. Pope and P. Ackermann (eds.), A Survey of Persian Art, 8 vols., Oxford, 1938-39 (and later editions) D.T. Rice, Byzantine Art, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1968 (especially chapter 5 on Byzantine mosaics).     Callligraphy and Qur'ans   Abdel Haleem, M.A.S., “Qur’anic Orthography: The Written Representation of the Recited Text of the Qur’an”, The Islamic Quarterly: a Review of Islamic Culture, 38/3, 1994, pp. 171-92 J. Bloom, The Blue Qur’an: An Early Fatimid Kufic Manuscript from the Maghrib", in F. Deroche (ed.), Les Manuscripts du Moyen-Orient: essais de codicologie et paleographie, Istanbul and Paris, pp. 95-99 G.K. Bosch, "The Staff of the Scribes and Implements of the Discerning: an Excerpt", Ars Orientalis, IV, 1961, pp. 1-13 H.C.G. von Bothmer, “Masterworks of Islamic Book Art: Koranic Calligraphy and Illumination in the Manuscripts Found in the Great Mosque in Sanaa”, in W. Daum (ed.), Yemen - 3000 Years of Art and Civilisation in Arabia Felix, Pinguin, 1987, pp. 178-181 and plates at pp. 185-187 F. Déroche, The Abbasid Tradition - Qur'ans of the 8th to 10th centuries AD, The Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Oxford, 1992 R. Ettinghausen, “A Signed and Dated Seljuk Qur’an”, in R. Ettinghausen (ed.), Islamic Art and Archaeology: Collected Papers, 1984, pp. 510-20 B. Gray, "The Monumental Qur'ans of the Il-Khanid and Mamluk Ateliers of the First Quarter of the Fourtheenth Century", Rivista degli Studi Orientali, vol. LIX (1985), Rome, 1897, pp. 135-146 R. Hillenbrand, “Qur’anic Epigraphy in Medieval Islamic Architecture”, Revue des Etudes Islamiques, 54, 1986, pp. 171-86. James, D., Qur'ans and Bindings from the Chester Beatty Library, London, 1980 D. James, Qur'ans of the Mamluks, London, 1988 D. James, The Master Scribes - Qur'ans of the 11th to 14th centuries, The Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Oxford, 1992 D. James, After Timur - Qur'ans of the 15th and 16th centuries, The Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Oxford, 1992 M. Lings, The Qur'anic Art of Calligraphy and Illumination, London, 1976 M. Lings and Y. Safadi, The Qur'an, London, 1976 D.S. Rice, The Unique Ibn al-Bawwab Manuscript in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, 1955 Y. Safadi, Islamic Calligraphy, London, 1978 A. Schimmel, Calligraphy and Islamic Culture, London, 1990 (1st edition New York University 1984) A. Schimmel, Islamic Calligraphy, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New York, Summer 1992. T. Stanley, The Qur'an and Calligraphy, Bernard Quaritch catalogue 1213, 1996 Y. Tabbaa, "The Transformation of Arabic Writing: Part I, Qur'anic Calligraphy", Ars Orientalis, vol. 21, 1991, pp. 119-148 Y. Tabbaa, “The Transformation of Arabic Writing: Part II, The Public Text”, Ars Orientalis, vol. 24, 1994, pp. 119-147 A. Welch, Calligraphy in the Arts of the Muslim World, New York, 1979 E. Whelan, “Writing the Word of God: Some Early Qur’an Manuscripts and Their Milieux. Part I”, Ars Orientalis, vol. 20, 1990, pp. 113-147     Bindings   Bosch, G., Carswell J., and Petherbridge, G., Islamic Bindings and Bookmaking, Chicago, 1981 James, D., Qur'ans and Bindings from the Chester Beatty Library, London, 1980 Ettinghausen, R., "Near Eastern Book Covers and Their Influence on European Binding", Ars Orientalis, III, 1959, pp. 113-131 Haldane, D., Islamic Bindings in the Victoria &Albert Museum, London, 1981 Regermorter, B. Van, Some Oriental Bindings in the Chester Beatty  Library, Dublin, 1961 Petersen, T.C., "Early Islamic Bookbindings and Their Coptic Relations", Ars Orientalis, I, 1954, pp. 41-64 Pinder-Wilson, R., “Stone press-moulds and leatherworking in Khurasan”, in E. Savage Smith, Science, Tools and Magic, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, London, 1997, 2 vols: vol. 2, pp. 338-355.     Arab Painting   H. Buchthal, "'Hellenistic' Miniatures in Early Islamic Manuscripts", Ars Islamica, VII, 1940, pp. 125-133 H. Buchthal, "Early Islamic Miniatures from Baghdad", The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, V, 1942, pp. 19-39 R. Ettinghausen, Arab Painting, Geneva, 1962 D. James, Arab Painting, Bombay, Marg Publications, 1977 G. de Jerphanion, Les Miniatures du Manuscrit Syriaque no, 559 de la Biblioteca Vaticana, Cittą del Vaticano, 1940 Z. Kadar, Survivals of Greek Zoological Illuminations in Byzantine Manuscripts, Budapest, 1978 D. De Lacy O'Leary, How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs, London, 1949 D.S. Rice, "The Oldest Illustrated Arabic Manuscript", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 22, 1959, pp. 207-220 C. Singer, The Herbal in Antiquity and Its Transmission to Later Ages, "The Journal of Hellenic Studies", XLVII, 1927 K. Weitzmann, Illustrations in Roll and Codex. A Study of the Origin and Method of Text Illustration, Princeton, 1947 K. Weitzmann, "The Greek Sources of Islamic Scientific Illustrations", Archaeologica Orientalia in Memoriam Ernst Herzfeld, pp. 244-266     Fatimid Painting   A. Contadini, Fatimid Art at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1998 R. Ettinghausen, “Painting in the Fatimid Period: a Reconstruction”, Ars Islamica, vol. 9, 1942, pp. 112-124 B. Gray, “A Fatimid Drawing”, The British Museum Quarterly, vol. 12, 1938, pp. 91-96 E.J. Grube, “Three Miniatures from Fustat in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York”, Ars Orientalis, V, 1963, pp. 89-95 E.J. Grube, "Pre-Mongol and Mamluk Painting", in B.W. Robinson (ed.), The Keir Collection - Islamic Painting and the Arts of the Book, London, 1976 D.S. Rice, “A Drawing of the Fatimid Period”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 21, 1958, pp. 31-39 12th and 13th Century Painting: the Baghdad and Jazira Schools of     Painting H. Buchthal, “Three Illustrated Hariri Manuscripts in the British Museum”, The Burlington Magazine, vol. 77, 1940, pp. 144-152 H. Buchthal, “Early Islamic Miniatures from Baghdad”, The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, V, 1942, pp. 19-39 D. Brandenburg, Islamic Miniature Painting in Medical Manuscripts, Basle, 1982 A. Contadini, The Kitab Na‘t al-Hayawan (Book on the Characteristics of Animals, BL, OR. 2784) and The “Ibn Bakhtishu‘” Illustrated Bestiaries, Ph.D. Thesis, SOAS, University of London, 1992 A. Contadini, "The Ibn Bukhtishu Bestiary Tradition. The Text and Its Sources", Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza, vol. VI, n. 2, 1994, pp. 349-364 (offprint available in the library) F.E. Day, "Mesopotamian Manuscripts of Dioscorides", Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. VIII, no. 49-50, May 1950, pp. 274-280 B. FarŹs, “Un herbier arabe illustrée du XIVe siŹcle”, Archaeologia Orientalia in Memoriam Ernst Herzfeld, Locust Valley, NY, 1952, pp. 84-88 B. FarŹs, “Vision chrétienne et signes musulmans”, Mémoires présentés ą l’Insitut d’Egypte, 56, Cairo, 1961, pp. 1-118 B. FarŹs, “Le Livre de la Theriaque”, Art Islamique, II, Cairo, 1953, pp. 1-56 O. Grabar, “A Newly Discovered Illustrated Manuscript of the Maqamat of Hariri”, Ars Orientalis, 5, 1963, pp. 97-111 O. Grabar, The Illustrations of the Maqamat, Chicago and London, 1984 D. James, “Space-Forms in the Work of the Baghdad Maqamat Illustrators, 1225-58”, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 37, 1974, pp. 305-320 U. Monneret de Villard, “Un codice arabo-spagnolo con miniature”, La Bibliofilia, vol. 43, 1941, pp. 209-223 Entry no. 82, pp. 312-413  in J. Dodds (ed.), Al-Andalus - The Art of Islamic Spain, New York, 1992 N. Nassar, “Saljuq or Byzantine: Two Related Styles of Jaziran Miniature Painting”, in J. Raby (ed.), The Art of Syria and Jazira 1100-1250, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, I, Oxford, 1985, pp. 85-98 D.S. Rice, “The Aghani Miniatures and Religious Painting in Islam”, The Burlington Magazine, April 1953, pp. 128-135 M.M. Sadek, The Arabic Materia Medica of Dioscorides, Québec, 1983 S.M. Stern, “A New Volume of the Illustrated Aghani Manuscript”, Ars Orientalis, vol. 2, 1957, pp. 501-503 R. Ward, “Evidence for a School of Painting at the Artuqid Court”, in J. Raby (ed.), The Art of Syria and Jazira 1100-1250, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, I, Oxofrd, 1985, pp. 69-83     Early Persian Painting   S. Blair, A Compendium of Chronicles - Rashid al-Din's illustrated history of the world, The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, vol. XXVII, 1995 S. Canby, Persian Painting, London, 1993 A. Contadini, “The Horse in Two Manuscripts of Ibn Bakhtishu ‘s Kitab Manafi‘ al-Hayawan”, in D. Alexander (ed.), Furusiyya, 2 vols., Riyad, 1996, vol. 1: pp. 142-147 (photocopy available in the library) B. Gray, Persian Painting, Geneva, 1961 B. Schmitz, Islamic and Indian Manuscripts and Paintings in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, 1997 (cat. no. 1 for the Morgan Manafi`).     Mamluk Painting   E. Atil, Kalila wa Dimna. Fables from a Fourteenth-Century Arabic Manuscript, Washington, 1981 H.C.G. von Bothmer, Kalila wa Dimna, Ibn al-Muqaffa’s Fabelbuch in einer mittelalterlischen Bildenschrift: Cod. Arab. 616 der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek Munchen, Wiesbaden, 1981 S. Carboni, “The London Qazwini: An Early 14th-Century Copy of the ‘Aja’ib al-Makhluqat, Islamic Art, III, 1988-89, pp. 15-31 S. Carboni and A. Contadini, "An illustrated copy of al-Qazwini's The Wonders of Creation", Sotheby's Art at Auction, 1990, pp. 228-233 (photocopy available in the library) A. Contadini, "The Kitb Manafi‘ al-Hayawan in the Escorial Library", Islamic Art, III, 1988-89, pp. 33-57 A. Contadini, “The Horse in Two Manuscripts of Ibn Bakhtishu‘’ s Kitab Manafi‘ al-Hayawan”, in D. Alexander (ed.), Furusiyya, 2 vols., Riyad, 1996, pp. 142-147 (photocopy available in the library) E.J. Grube, "Pre-Mongol and Mamluk Painting", in B.W. Robinson (ed.), The Keir Collection - Islamic Painting and the Arts of the Book, London, 1976 E.J. Grube, “Prolegomena for a Corpus Publication of Illustrated Kalilah wa Dimnah Manuscripts”, Islamic Art, IV, 1990-1991, pp. 301-481 E.J. Grube, A Mirror for Princes from India, Bombay (Marg Publications), 1991 O. Löfgren and R. Traini, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, 2 vols., Vicenza, 1975-1981 (for al-Jahiz's "Book on animals" manuscript) L.A. Mayer, "A Hitherto Unknown Damascene Artist", Ars Islamica, IX, 1942, p. 168 G.R. Smith, Medieval Muslim Horsemanship - A 14th Century Arabic Cavalry Manual, The British Library, London, 1979 S. Walzer, “The Mamluk Illuminated Manuscripts of Kalila wa Dimna”, Aus der Welt der islamischen Kunst-Festschrift fur Ernst Kuhnel, pp. 195-206

University of Pennsylvania Class: 416. (ARTH416) Medieval Islamic Art & Architecture. (M) Distribution III:  May be counted as a Distributional course in Arts & Letters. Holod. An introduction to the major architectural monuments and trends, as well as to the best-known objects of the medieval Islamic world.  Attention will be paid to such themes as the continuity of late antique themes, architecture as symbol of community and power, the importance of textiles and primacy of writing.