West of the Area 4 khan is Area 5 which
was an Medieval hamman (Arabic, bath complex) including
a changing room, warm room, hot room, furnace, and well. The floor
of the changing room and hot rooms were paved with marble.
The walls of the hamman were made out of basalt cobbles and boulders
held together with mortar.
Excavation inside the bath uncovered a hypocaust
floor in the 4 hot rooms. The bath was supplied with water from a basalt lined well
located at the southwest of the building. The upper 6 meters of
fill in the well contained basalt cobbles derived from the destruction
of the bath during the 12-13th century. The sediment beneath the
destruction fill contained sherds of blue-and-black glaze, cookpot
ware sherds, an Ayyubid Period coin, and millions of small rodent
and bird bones.
Kite Photograph of the Area 5 hammam.
Excavation units and longitude/latitude from Area 4 calculated by a
handheld GPS device.
Ladder view of the Hammam looking south.
View of the northwest corner of the Hammam exterior wall looking east.
The Hammam floor under the four hot rooms (along the west side of the bath) was heated
using a hypocausting system.
Details of the Hammam hypocaust system under the four hot rooms (along the west side of the bath; photograph
Michael Fuller holds a metric stadia rod in the well situated at the southwest corner of the bath.
Urtukid copper coin of Najm al-Din Alpi discovered in Square 2, Locus 01. The coin does not
bear a mint date or mint name; Spengler and Sayles (1992: 82; type 28) assign this coin type
to the Mardin mint and propose that it was issued in AH 549 (AD 1154). Coin 502TNR90.
Drain in the corner of a room in the bath.
Ottoman Period bath of similar size to the Area 5 hammam in Givgelia (Republic of Macedonia). The
Area 5 bath would have been built with 4 small domes and 2 large domes.
Ottoman Period bath of similar size to the Area 5 hammam in Givgelia (Republic of Macedonia).
Webpage created 1 August 2001
Webpage migrated 2 April 2008
Webpage updated 5 January 2009