Tell er-Retaba is a major archaeological site in the Wadi Tumilat of Egypt. The Egyptian Antiquity Authority granted permission to Professor Hans Goedicke (Johns Hopkins University) to conduct a survey and excavation at Retaba during 1977, 1978, and 1981. The drawings, photographs and some preliminary conclusions presented at this website are solely the conclusions of Michael Fuller (based upon his work at the site as architect during 1978 and 1981). To date, the work from 1977, 1978, and 1981 has not been published though some aspects were reported in lectures given at the annual meeting of the American Research Center in Egypt and at the St. Louis society of the Archaeological Instiute of America.

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Systematic archaeological investigation in the Wadi Tumilat began in the 19th century. Edouard Naville excavated on behalf of the Egyptian Exploration Society at Tell el-Maskhuta in 1883 and Tell el-Retaba in 1885. Sir Flinders M. Petrie came to Tell el-Retaba in 1906 to reinvestigate the site on behalf of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt. The excavations at the site during 1978 and 1981 confirmed several of the architectural features mapped by Petrie and located numerous pits and trenches that Naville had excavated.